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SW 1088 [SW-1088, SW1088]


Product category
Human cells
Homo sapiens, human
3D cell culture
Product format
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Price: $691.00 EA
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information


Growth properties
Passage history
The cell line was received at the ATCC in January, 1982 at passage 23.
The SW 1088 cell line was initiated by A. Leibovitz at the Scott and White Clinic, Temple, Texas in 1975 from an astrocytoma taken from a 72 year old male Caucasian. The cell line was received at the ATCC in January, 1982 at passage 23.
72 years
hypertriploid; modal number = 72 to 74. The rate of higher ploidies was 4.2%. Most chromosomes were morphologically normal. Three marker chromosomes were common to all cells: del(1) (q11), der (9)t(7;?;9) (q11?;?;p24), and der (10)t(4;10) (q21;q15)., The der (9) was paired in nearly 50% of the cells. Usually one, but occasionally three double minutes (DM) were seen in a few cells. Five copies of normal N5, N7 and N20 were seen in most cells., The X and Y were paired. The presence of Y chromosomes was confirmed in the QM stained preparation.
Yes, in nude mice
Antigen expression
Blood type A; Rh+
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
GLO-I, 1
Me-2, 1-2
PGM1, 1-2
PGM3, 1
The cells produce a grade III tumor.

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Leibovitz's L-15 Medium, Catalog No. 30-2008. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.

(Note: The L-15 medium formulation was devised for use in a free gas exchange with atmospheric air. A CO2 and air mixture is detrimental to cells when using this medium for cultivation)

100% Air
Handling procedure

To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.

  1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water. Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
  2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
  3. Transfer the vial contents to a centrifuge tube containing 9.0 mL complete culture medium and spin at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 7 minutes. Discard supernatant.
  4. Resuspend the cell pellet with the recommended complete medium and dispense into a 25 cm2 culture flask.  It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells. 
  5. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator in a free gas exchange with atmospheric air
Subculturing procedure

Remove medium, rinse with fresh 0.25% trypsin solution, remove trypsin and let the culture sit at room temperature (or at 37°C) until the cells detach (about 10 minutes). Add fresh medium, aspirate and dispense into new flasks. Subculture every 6 to 8 days.

Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:6 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Reagents for cryopreservation
Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO (ATCC 4-X)

Quality control specifications

Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
STR profiling
Amelogenin: X,Y
CSF1PO: 10,12
D13S317: 12
D16S539: 12,13
D5S818: 11
D7S820: 9
TH01: 7,9.3
vWA: 16,17
D3S1358: 13,16
D21S11: 29,33.2
D18S51: 14,18
Penta_E: 5,12
Penta_D: 9,12
D8S1179: 13,15
FGA: 19,22
D19S433: 15
D2S1338: 17,23


Deposited as
Homo sapiens
A Leibovitz
Special collection
Human Tumor Cell Bank
Cross references
GenBank AF188519 AF188519 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone ISG 1, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188520 AF188520 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone ASM 3, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188521 AF188521 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone ISG 2, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188522 AF188522 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone ISG 3, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188523 AF188523 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone ISG 4, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188524 AF188524 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone ISG 5, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188525 AF188525 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone IRIG 1, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188526 AF188526 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone IRIG 2, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188527 AF188527 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone IRIG 3, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188528 AF188528 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone IRIG 4, mRNA sequence.
GenBank AF188529 AF188529 Homo sapiens ATCC HTB-12; SW1088 Homo sapiens cDNA clone IRIG 5, mRNA sequence.

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Goodfellow M, et al. One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines producing tumors in nude mice. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 221-226, 1977. PubMed: 77210034

Wright WC, et al. Distinction of seventy-one cultured human tumor cell lines by polymorphic enzyme analysis. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 66: 239-247, 1981. PubMed: 6935474

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