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ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
The cells are approximately 970-fold less sensitive to CPT than the parental CEM cells.
CEM/C2 cells exhibit cross resistance to both the water soluble (topotecan) and water insoluble (9-amino-CPT and 10,11-methylenedioxy-CPT) analogs of CPT. Resistance to CPT is stable for up to six months.
CEM/C2 cells are also cross resistant to etoposide, dactinomycin, bleomycin, mitoxantrone, 4'-(9-acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide, and the anthracyclines daunorubicin and doxorubicin but retain sensitivity to the Vinca alkaloid vincristine.
CEM/C2 cells display atypical multidrug resistance (MDR), altered topoisomerase I catalytic activity and a unique topoisomerase I mutation (Asn722Ser).
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Kapoor R, et al. Altered topoisomerase I expression in two subclones of human CEM leukemia selected for resistance to camptothecin. Oncol. Res. 7: 83-95, 1995. PubMed: 7579731
Fujimori A, et al. Mutation at the catalytic site of topoisomerase I in CEM/C2, a human leukemia cell line resistant to camptothecin. Cancer Res. 55: 1339-1346, 1995. PubMed: 7882333
Hay, R. J., Caputo, J. L., and Macy, M. L., Eds. (1992), ATCC Quality Control Methods for Cell Lines. 2nd edition, Published by ATCC.
Caputo, J. L., Biosafety procedures in cell culture. J. Tissue Culture Methods 11:223-227, 1988.
Fleming, D.O., Richardson, J. H., Tulis, J.J. and Vesley, D., (1995) Laboratory Safety: Principles and Practice. Second edition, ASM press, Washington, DC.