ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.
ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
The cells are positive for keratin by immunoperoxidase staining.
(Note: The L-15 medium formulation was devised for use in a free gas exchange with atmospheric air. A CO2 and air mixture is detrimental to cells when using this medium for cultivation)
To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C. Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.
Remove medium, add fresh 0.25% trypsin, 0.53% EDTA (ATCC 30-2101) for 10 to 20 minutes at 37°C. Add fresh medium, disperse cells and centrifuge to pellet the cells. Resuspend in fresh medium and dispense into new flasks.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:2 to 1:5 is recommended
The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid. Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.
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Chen TR, et al. Intercellular karyotypic similarity in near-diploid cell lines of human tumor origins. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 10: 351-362, 1983. PubMed: 6652615
Chen TR, et al. Karyotype consistency in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines established in vitro. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 6: 93-117, 1982. PubMed: 7104989
Nigro JM, et al. Mutations in the p53 gene occur in diverse human tumour types. Nature 342: 705-707, 1989. PubMed: 2531845
Leibovitz A, et al. Classification of human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines. Cancer Res. 36: 4562-4569, 1976. PubMed: 1000501
Rodrigues NR, et al. p53 mutations in colorectal cancer. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87: 7555-7559, 1990. PubMed: 1699228