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Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells; Normal, Human

PCS-500-012

One vial of Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells; Normal, Human (ATCC PCS-500-012™) containing a minimum of 1 x 106 viable cells (provided).
Product category
Human cells
Organism
Homo sapiens, human
Cell type
mesenchymal stem cell
Morphology
spindle shaped, fibroblast-like
Tissue
Bone
Disease
Normal
Applications
Stem cell research
Product format
Frozen
Storage conditions
Vapor phase of liquid nitrogen
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Documentation

Biosafety Icon BSL 1

ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

All tissues used for isolation are obtained under informed consent and conform to HIPAA regulations to protect the privacy of the donor’s Personally Identifiable Information. It is best to use caution when handling any human cells. We recommend that all human cells be accorded the same level of biosafety consideration as cells known to carry Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other bloodborne pathogens. With infectious virus assays or viral antigen assays, even a negative test result may not exclude the possibility of the existence of a latent viral genome or infectious viral particles below the lower limit of detection of that assay.

ATCC recommends that appropriate safety procedures be used when handling all primary cells and cell lines, especially those derived from human or other primate material. Handle as a potentially biohazardous material using universal precautions. Cells derived from primate lymphoid tissue may fall under the regulations of 29 CFR 1910.1030 Bloodborne Pathogens.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information

General

Specific applications
Adult stem cell differentiation, regenerative medicine, cell therapy, tissue engineering, generation of iPS cell lines

Characteristics

Cells per vial
≥ 1.0 x 106
Volume
1.0 mL
Growth properties
Adherent
Age
adult
Ethnicity
Lot-specific
Gender
Lot-specific
Comments
The cells are cryopreserved in the second passage to ensure the highest viability and plating efficiency.

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Basal Medium, when supplemented with Mesenchymal Stem Cell Growth Kit – for Bone Marrow Derived MSCs, provides an ideal cell system to propagate mesenchymal stem cells. When maintained under optimal growth conditions, ATCC Normal Human Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells have been shown to be multipotent, capable of differentiating down the adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic lineages.

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
  1. Obtain one Mesenchymal Stem Cell Growth for Bone Marrow-derived MSCs (ATCC PCS-500-041) from the freezer; make sure that the caps of all components are tight.
  2. Thaw the components of the growth kit just prior to adding them to the basal medium (ATCC PCS-500-030).
  3. Obtain one bottle of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Basal Medium (485 mL) from cold storage.
  4. Decontaminate the external surfaces of all growth kit component vials and the basal medium bottle by spraying them with 70% ethanol.
  5. Using aseptic technique and working in a laminar flow hood or biosafety cabinet, transfer the indicated volume of each growth kit component, as indicated below, to the bottle of basal medium using a separate sterile pipette for each transfer.
    1. Bone Marrow-Mesenchymal Stem Cell Growth Kit Components
      • FBS, 35 mL (Final concentration 7%)
      • rh IGF-1, 0.5 mL (Final concentration 15 ng/mL)
      • Rh FGF-b, 0.5 mL (Final concentration 125 pg/mL)
      • L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine, 6 mL (Final concentration 2.4 mM)

    2. Antimicrobials and phenol red are not required for proliferation but may be added if desired. The recommended volume of either of the optional components to be added to the complete growth media is summarized below.

    3. Addition of Antimicrobials/Antimycotics and Phenol Red (Optional):
      • Gentamicin-Amphotericin B Solution, 0.5 mL (Final concentration Gentamicin: 10 µg/mL, Amphotericin B: 25 ng/mL)
      • Penicillin-Streptomycin-Amphotericin B Solution, 0.5 mL (Final concentration Penicillin: 10 Units/mL, Streptomycin: 10 µg/mL, Amphotericin B: 25 ng/mL).
      • Phenol Red, 0.5 mL (Final concentration 33 µM)
  1. Tightly cap the bottle of complete growth medium and swirl the contents gently to assure a homogeneous solution. Do not shake forcefully to avoid foaming. Label and date the bottle.
  2. Complete growth media should be stored in the dark at 2°C to 8°C (do not freeze). When stored under these conditions, complete growth media is stable for 30 days.
Reagents for subculture
  1. DPBS (ATCC 30-2200)
  2. Trypsin-EDTA for Primary Cells (ATCC PCS-999-003) containing 0.05% Trypsin and 0.02% EDTA.
  3. Trypsin Neutralizing Solution (ATCC PCS-999-004)
Differentiation media for BM-MSCs
  1. Adipocyte Differentiation Toolkit (ATCC PCS-500-053)
  2. Osteocyte Differentiation Toolkit (ATCC PCS-500-052)
  3. Chondrocyte Differentiation Toolkit (ATCC PCS-500-051)
Required media
One bottle of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Basal Medium for Adipose, Umbilical and Bone Marrow-derived MSCs (ATCC PCS-500-030) plus one Mesenchymal Stem Cell Growth Kit for Bone Marrow-derived MSCs (ATCC PCS-500-041) that contains the following growth supplements: FBS, rh FGF basic, rh IGF-I, and L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine.
Optional media supplements
  1. Gentamicin-Amphotericin B Solution (ATCC PCS-999-025)
  2. Penicillin-Streptomycin-Amphotericin B Solution (ATCC PCS-999-002)
  3. Phenol Red (ATCC PCS-999-001)
Handling procedure
  1. Refer to the Certificate of Analysis for the total number of viable cells recovered from this lot of    ATCC PCS-500-012.
  2. Using the total number of viable cells, determine how much surface area can be inoculated to achieve an initial seeding density of 5,000 cells per cm2.
  3. Prepare the desired combination of flasks. Add 5 mL of complete growth medium per 25 cm2 of surface area. Place the flasks in a 37°C, 5% CO2, humidified incubator and allow the media to pre-equilibrate to temperature and pH for 30 minutes prior to adding cells.
  4. While the culture flasks equilibrate, remove one vial of ATCC PCS-500-012 from storage and thaw the cells by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water. Thawing should be rapid (approximately 1 to 2 minutes).
  5. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All operations from this point onward should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
  6. Add the appropriate volume of complete growth medium [volume = (1 mL x number of flasks to be seeded) -1 mL] into a sterile conical tube. Using a sterile pipette, transfer the cells from the cryovial to the conical tube. Gently pipette the cells to homogenize the suspension. Do not centrifuge.
  7. Transfer 1.0 mL of the cell suspension to each of the pre-equilibrated culture flasks prepared in steps 1 to 3 of Handling Procedure for Frozen Cells and Initiation of Culture. Pipette several times, then cap and gently rock each flask to evenly distribute the cells.
  8. Place the seeded culture flasks in the incubator at 37°C, 5% CO2 atmosphere. Incubate for at least 24 hours before processing the cells further.
Subculturing procedure
  1. Passage normal BM-MSCs when the culture has reached approximately 80% confluence.
  2. Warm both the Trypsin-EDTA for Primary Cells (ATCC PCS-999-003) and the Trypsin Neutralizing Solution (ATCC PCS-999-004) to room temperature prior to dissociation. Warm the complete growth medium to 37°C prior to use with the cells.
  3. For each flask, carefully aspirate the spent media without disturbing the monolayer.
  4. Rinse the cell layer one time with 3 to 5 mL D-PBS (ATCC 30-2200) to remove residual medium.
  5. Add prewarmed trypsin-EDTA solution (1 to 2 mL for every 25 cm2) to each flask.
  6. Gently rock each flask to ensure complete coverage of the trypsin-EDTA solution over the cells.
  7. Observe the cells under the microscope. When the cells pull away from each other and round up (typically within 1 to 3 minutes), remove the flask from the microscope and gently tap it from several sides to promote detachment of the cells from the flask surface.
  8. When the majority of cells appear to have detached, quickly add an equal volume of the Trypsin Neutralizing Solution (ATCC PCS-999-004) to each flask. Gently pipette or swirl the culture to ensure all of the trypsin-EDTA solution has been neutralized.
  9. Transfer the dissociated cells to a sterile centrifuge tube and set aside while processing any remaining cells in the culture flask.
  10. Add 3 to 5 mL D-PBS (ATCC 30-2200) to the tissue culture flask to collect any additional cells that might have been left behind.
  11. Transfer the cell/D-PBS suspension to the centrifuge tube containing the trypsin-EDTA dissociated cells.
  12. Repeat steps 10 and 11 as needed until all cells have been collected from the flask.
  13. Centrifuge the cells at 270 x g for 5 minutes.
  14. Aspirate neutralized dissociation solution from the cell pellet and resuspend the cells in 2 to 8 mL fresh, prewarmed, complete growth medium.
  15. Count the cells and seed new culture flasks at a density of 5,000 viable cells per cm2.
  16. Place newly seeded flasks in a 37°C, 5% CO2 incubator for at least 24 to 48 hours before processing the cells further. Refer to Maintenance for guidelines on feeding.
Culture maintenance
  1. Before beginning, prewarm complete growth media in a 37°C water bath. This will take between 10 and 30 minutes, depending on the volume. If using a small volume of medium (50 mL or less), warm only the volume needed in a sterile conical tube. Avoid warming complete growth media multiple times.
  2. 24 hours after seeding, remove the cells from the incubator and view each flask under the microscope to determine percent cellular confluence.
  3. Carefully remove the spent media without disturbing the monolayer.
  4. Add 5 mL of fresh, prewarmed complete growth medium per 25 cm2 of surface area and return the flasks to the incubator.
  5. After 24 to 48 hours, view each flask under the microscope to determine percent cellular confluence. If not ready to passage, repeat steps 3 and 4 as described above. When cultures have reached approximately 80% confluence, and are actively proliferating (many mitotic figures are visible), it is time to subculture.
Note: BM-MSCs are contact inhibited. It is essential that the cells be subcultured BEFORE reaching 100% confluence as postconfluent cells exhibit changes in morphology, slower proliferation, and reduced differentiation capacity after passaging.

Quality control specifications

Bacterial and fungal testing
Not detected
Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
Virus testing
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV): Not detected
Hepatitis C virus (HCV): Not detected
Hepatitis B virus (HBV): Not detected
Population doubling capacity
≥ 10 in complete growth medium and support differentiation
Viability
≥ 70% when thawed from cryopreservation
Specific staining
Positive expression for CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105, and CD166
Negative expression for CD14, CD34, CD19, and CD45

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.
Warranty

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.

Disclaimers

This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at www.atcc.org.

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PERMITS AND RESTRICTIONS

References

Curated Citations

Al Madhoun A, et al. Chemically Defined Conditions Mediate an Efficient Induction of Mesodermal Lineage from Human Umbilical Cord- and Bone Marrow- Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Dental Pulp Pluripotent-Like Stem Cells. Cell Reprogram 20(1):9-16, 2018. PubMed: 29412734

Zheng B, et al. Quantitative Magnetic Particle Imaging Monitors the Transplantation, Biodistribution, and Clearance of Stem Cells In Vivo. Theranostics 6(3):291-301, 2016. PubMed: 26909106

Wang M, et al. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) surface nanomodified 3D printed polylactic acid (PLA) scaffoldsfor bone regeneration. Acta Biomater 46:256-265, 2016. PubMed: 27667017

Liu CJ, et al. Suppression of IL-8-Src signalling axis by 17β-estradiol inhibits human mesenchymal stem cells-mediated gastric cancer invasion. J Cell Mol Med 20(5):962-72, 2016. PubMed: 26945908

Khalil S, et al. A Cost-Effective Method to Assemble Biomimetic 3D Cell Culture Platforms. PLoS One 11(12):e0167116, 2016. PubMed: 27935982

View All Curated Citations for this Product

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