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SK-MEL-5

HTB-70

SK-MEL-5 is a melanoma cell line isolated from skin tissue obtained from a 24-year-old, White, female malignant melanoma patient. This cell line is a suitable transfection host and also serves as a source of target cells for the detection of melanoma-specific antibody in patients with the disease. This is one of a very extensive series of melanoma lines isolated by T. Takahashi and associates.
Product category
Human cells
Organism
Homo sapiens, human
Cell type
melanocyte
Morphology
stellate
Tissue
Skin
Disease
Malignant Melanoma
Applications
3D cell culture
Product format
Frozen
Storage conditions
Vapor phase of liquid nitrogen
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Documentation

Biosafety Icon Biosafety Level 1

ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information

General

Specific applications
This cell line is a suitable transfection host. This line also serves as a source of target cells for the detection of melanoma specific antibody in patients with the disease.

Characteristics

Growth properties
Adherent
Derivation
This is one of a very extensive series of melanoma lines (see also ATCC HTB-71, ATCC HTB-72 and ATCC HTB-73) isolated by T. Takahashi and associates.
Age
24 years
Ethnicity
White
Gender
Female
Karyotype
modal number = 120; range = 95 to 133.
This is a hyperpentaploid human cell line with the modal chromosome number of 120, occurring in 9% of cells. The majority of cells had chromosome counts of 114-123. Among 14 marker chromosomes that were common to most cells, generally 9q+ had four copies per cell, t(1q8q) and del(5) (q34) had three copies per cell, and 14q+ had two copies per cell. Numerous others were also found in single copies, all infrequently. Three normal X chromosomes were found in most cells, N9 was absent, and N7 and N20 had seven to eight copies per cell.
Tumorigenic
Yes;
Yes, in nude mice; forms malignant melanoma
Metastatic
Axillary lymph node
Antigen expression
Blood Type O; Rh+; HLA A2, A11, B40, Bw16
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 1-2
PGM1, 1-2
PGM3, 1
Comments
This is one of a very extensive series of melanoma lines (see also ATCC HTB-71, ATCC HTB-72 and ATCC HTB-73) isolated by T. Takahashi and associates.

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium, Catalog No. 30-2003. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Temperature
37°C
Handling procedure

To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.

  1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water.  Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
  2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
  3. Transfer the vial contents to a 75 cm2 tissue culture flask and dilute with the recommended complete culture medium (see the specific batch information for the recommended dilution ratio).   It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells.  It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6).
  4. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator.  A 5% CO2 in air atmosphere is recommended if using the medium described on this product sheet.

 If it is desired that the cryoprotective agent be removed immediately, or that a more concentrated cell suspension be obtained, centrifuge the cell suspension at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 10 minutes.  Discard the supernatant and resuspend the cells with fresh growth medium at the dilution ratio recommended in the specific batch information.

Subculturing procedure
Remove medium, and rinse with 0.25% trypsin, 0.53 mM EDTA solution. Remove the solution and add an additional 1 to 2 mL of trypsin-EDTA solution. Allow the flask to sit at room temperature (or at 37°C) until the cells detach. Add fresh culture medium, aspirate and dispense into new culture flasks.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:6 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Reagents for cryopreservation
Complete growth medium, 95%; DMSO, 5%

Quality control specifications

Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
STR profiling
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 10,13
D13S317: 10,12
D16S539: 10,12
D5S818: 11,13
D7S820: 9,12
THO1: 6,9
TPOX: 11
vWA: 14,18

History

Deposited as
Homo sapiens
Depositors
T Takahashi
Special collection
Human Tumor Cell Bank

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.
Warranty

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.

Disclaimers

This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at www.atcc.org.

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.

The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center releases this material subject to the following restrictions in addition to those outlined in the ATCC Material Transfer Agreement:

  1. Transfers - The cells or their products must not be transferred to third parties.
  2. Commercial Use - all for-profit and non-profit Recipients must obtain a commercial use license prior to Commercial Use.

Any proposed Commercial Use of these cells must first be negotiated with:

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Office of Technology Development
1275 York Avenue
New York, NY 10065
Email: [email protected]

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PERMITS AND RESTRICTIONS

References

Curated Citations

Fogh J, et al. Absence of HeLa cell contamination in 169 cell lines derived from human tumors. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 209-214, 1977. PubMed: 833871

Goodfellow M, et al. One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines producing tumors in nude mice. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 221-226, 1977. PubMed: 77210034

Pollack MS, et al. HLA-A, B, C and DR alloantigen expression on forty-six cultured human tumor cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 66: 1003-1012, 1981. PubMed: 7017212

Carey TE, et al. Cell surface antigens of human malignant melanoma: mixed hemadsorption assays for humoral immunity to cultured autologous melanoma cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 73: 3278-3282, 1976. PubMed: 1067619

Frequently Asked Questions

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