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Farage is a B lymphocyte cell line that was isolated in 1990 from a White, adult female patient with  non-Hodgkin's B Cell lymphoma. This cell line was deposited by H Ben-Bassat and can be used in immunology research.
Product category
Human cells
Homo sapiens, human
Cell type
B lymphocyte
Lymphoma; Non-Hodgkin's B Cell
3D cell culture
Product format
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

Cells contain Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA sequences

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information


Growth properties
The Farage cell line was adapted to culture in 1990 from a lymph node biopsy of a patient with diffuse large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (DLCL).
trisomy of chromosome 11
Lymph node
Antigen expression
CD10 +/-; CD11a + (LFA-1); CD19 +; CD20 +; CD21 +; CD22 +; CD23 +; CD29 (VLA-4) +; CD38 +; CD39 +; CD40 +; CD44 +; CD54 + (ICAM-1); CD58 + (LFA-3); CD23 -; HLA DR +
The cells do not express surface or cytoplasmic immunoglobulin.

Exposure to IL-4 augmented the concentrations of CD23, CD54, and CD58 but diminished the expression of CD21, CD22, and CD38. Incubation with IL-4 for 6 to 8 days led to increased expression of CD11a, CD39, CD40, and to disappearance of CD21 and CD38.

Exposure of Farage cells to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) down-regulated CD21 and CD23 expression.

They do not express the terminal deoxynucleotydyl transferase gene (TdT), nor the recombination activating genes RAG-1 and RAG-2, known as markers of the pre-B cell stage. These results show that Farage represents a mature B-cell rather than a pre-B cell.

The cells are positive for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
mature B cell

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated RPMI-1640 Medium, ATCC 30-2001. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum (ATCC 30-2020) to a final concentration of 10%.
Handling procedure
To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.

  1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water.  Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
  2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
  3. It is recommended that the cryoprotective agent be removed immediately.  Centrifuge the cell suspension at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 10 minutes. 
  4. Transfer the cell pellet to an appropriate size vessel (see the specific batch information for the culture recommended dilution ratio).  It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells.  It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6).
  5. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator.  A 5% CO2 in air atmosphere is recommended if using the medium described on this product sheet.
Subculturing procedure
Cultures can be maintained by the addition of fresh medium or replacement of medium. Alternatively, cultures can be established by centrifugation with subsequent resuspension at 3 - 5 x 105 viable cells/mL. Maintain cell density between 3 x 105 and 3 x 106 viable cells/mL.

Medium Renewal: Add fresh medium every 2 to 3 days (depending on cell density).
Reagents for cryopreservation
Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO (ATCC 4-X)

Quality control specifications

Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
Population doubling time
Approximately 24 to 36 hrs
STR profiling
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 11,12
D13S317: 11,13
D16S539: 11,12
D5S818: 12
D7S820: 12
TH01: 8,9
vWA: 14,15
D3S1358: 14,18
D21S11: 29
D18S51: 12,13
Penta_E: 7,18
Penta_D: 9,12
D8S1179: 12
FGA: 20,23
D19S433: 14
D2S1338: 24,25


Deposited as
H Ben-Bassat
Year of origin
Special collection
NCRR Contract

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Baruch M, et al. Molecular characterization of an unusual non-Hodgkin's B-lymphoma cell line ("Farage") lacking the ability to produce immunoglobulin polypeptide chains. Leuk. Lymphoma 21: 485-495, 1996. PubMed: 9172815

Gabay C, et al. Somatic mutations and intraclonal variations in the rearranged Vkappa genes of B-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cell lines. Eur. J. Immunol. 63: 180-191, 1999. PubMed: 10485273

Shubinsky G, et al. The effect of IL-4 on the phenotype of a human B-cell lymphoma line (Farage) lacking immunoglobulin expression. Immunol. Lett. 36: 37-42, 1993. PubMed: 8344715

Shubinsky G, et al. Pathways controlling the expression of surface CD21 (CR2) and CD23 (Fc(epsilon)IIR) proteins in human malignant B cells. Leuk. Lymphoma 25: 521-530, 1997. PubMed: 9250823

Shubinsky G, Schlesinger M. Kinetics of the pleiotropic effect of interleukin 4 on the surface properties of human B-lymphoma cells. Leuk. Lymphoma 15: 333-340, 1994. PubMed: 7866283

View All Curated Citations for this Product

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