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ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C. Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.
This is a mixed cell culture; cells grow both as a lightly attached monolayer and in suspension. Cultures can be maintained by adding fresh medium. Alternatively, subcultures can be prepared by scraping the adherent cells into the medium containing the floating cells, collecting the cells by centrifugation, resuspending the cell pellet in fresh medium and dispensing into new flasks.
Note: Subculture cells before they reach confluence; cells in over-confluent cultures begin to form rosettes with necrotic centers.
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Goldman-Leikin RE, et al. Characterization of a novel myeloma cell line, MM.1. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 113(3):335-345, 1989. PubMed: 2926241
Greenstein S, et al. Characterization of the MM.1 human multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines: A model system to elucidate the characteristics, behavior, and signaling of steroid-sensitive and -resistant MM cells. Exp. Hematol.: 31:271-282, 2003. PubMed; 12691914