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Cells contain polyomaviral DNA sequences
ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
Subcultivation Ratio: 1:2 to 1:5
Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days
Note: For more information on enzymatic dissociation and subculturing of cell lines consult Chapter 10 in Culture of Animal Cells, a Manual of Basic Technique by R. Ian Freshney, 3rd edition, published by Alan R. Liss, N.Y., 1994.
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Hayflick L, Moorhead PS. The serial cultivation of human diploid cell strains. Exp. Cell Res. 25: 585-621, 1961. PubMed: 13905659
Hayflick L. The limited in vitro lifetime of human diploid cell strains. Exp. Cell Res. 37: 614-636, 1965. PubMed: 14315085
Girardi AJ, et al. SV40-induced transformation of human diploid cells: crisis and recovery. J. Cell. Comp. Physiol. 65: 69-84, 1965.
Jensen F, et al. Autologous and homologous implantation of human cells transformed in vitro by simian virus 40. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 32: 917-937, 1964.
Hay, R. J., Caputo, J. L., and Macy, M. L., Eds. (1992), ATCC Quality Control Methods for Cell Lines. 2nd edition, Published by ATCC.