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SNU-16

CRL-5974

SNU-16 is a cell line exhibiting epithelial morphology that was isolated in 1987 from ascites derived from a 33-year-old, female, Asian, stomach cancer patient prior to chemotherapy. Use these cells in cancer research. 
Product category
Human cells
Organism
Homo sapiens, human
Morphology
epithelial
Tissue
Stomach
Disease
Gastric Carcinoma
Applications
3D cell culture
Cancer research
Product format
Frozen
Storage conditions
Vapor phase of liquid nitrogen
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Documentation

Biosafety Icon Biosafety Level 1

ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information

Characteristics

Growth properties
Suspension, multicellular aggregates
Derivation
SNU-16 was line derived in 1987 by J. Park and associates from ascites of a patient with poorly differentiated carcinoma of the stomach. The line was established from cells taken prior to chemotherapy. 
Age
33 years
Ethnicity
Asian
Gender
Female
Clinical data
The line was established from cells taken prior to chemotherapy.
Karyotype
This is a human cell line with the bimodal chromosome number distributions. Both modal populations were hypotetraploid. Cells with higher ploidies occurred at 1%. Nine marker chromosomes were common to all cells: t(4q21q); der(5)t(2;5) (q11.2;q13); i(5p); del(17) (p11.2); del(10) (q22.1) and four others. Of these, del(17) generally had two copies per cell. Seven or more other marker chromosomes including HSR(11) (p15.1) were found in some cells only. Multiple copies of DMs were present in most cells. Consistently there were three normal X chromosomes per cell. N7 had six copies and N14, five copies per cell. Normal N12 was not found.
Tumorigenic
Yes, the cells have a reported colony forming efficiency of 10% in semisolid medium.; myc+; erb-B2+
Metastatic
Ascites
Antigen expression
Blood Type A; Rh +
The cells express the surface glycoproteins carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and TAG 72.
Genes expressed
myc+; erb B2+; Rh+; carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA); TAG 72; blood type A
Expression markers
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), expressed
Comments
SNU-16 cells were positive for VIP receptors but lacked gastrin receptors.
The line was established from cells taken prior to chemotherapy.
No evidence of amplification or rearrangements was noted in the N-myc, L-myc, myb and EGF receptor genes. The c-myc proto-oncogene was apmplified, but expressed c-erb-B-2 RNA that were comparable to other cell lines. There was no expression of the following genes: N-myc, L-myc, c-cis, IGF-2, or gastrin releasing peptide.
The cells express the surface glycoproteins carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and TAG-72. The cells are L-dopa decarboxylase (DDC) positive.

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated RPMI-1640 Medium, ATCC 30-2001. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum (ATCC 30-2020) to a final concentration of 10%.
Temperature
37°C
Atmosphere
95% Air, 5% CO2
Handling procedure
To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.
  1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water.  Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
  2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions
  3. Transfer the vial contents to a centrifuge tube containing 9.0 mL complete culture medium. and spin at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 7 minutes.
  4. Resuspend cell pellet with the recommended complete medium (see the specific batch information for the culture recommended dilution ratio). and dispense into a 25 cm2 or a 75 cm2 culture flask.  It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells.  It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the complete growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6).
  5. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator.  A 5% CO2 in air atmosphere is recommended if using the medium described on this product sheet.
Subculturing procedure
Cultures can be maintained by addition of fresh medium or replacement of medium. Alternatively, cultures can be established by centrifugation of the suspension with subsequent resuspension in fresh medium. Add medium as the cell density increases.
Medium Renewal: Add fresh medium every 3 to 4 days (depending on cell density)
Reagents for cryopreservation
Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO (ATCC 4-X)

Quality control specifications

Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
Population doubling time
Approximately 27 hrs
STR profiling
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 12
D13S317: 8,12
D16S539: 11,13
D5S818: 10,13
D7S820: 12
THO1: 6,9
TPOX: 11
vWA: 16

History

Deposited as
Homo sapiens
Depositors
J Park
Year of origin
1987
Special collection
NCRR Contract

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.
Warranty

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.

Disclaimers

This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at www.atcc.org.

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PERMITS AND RESTRICTIONS

References

Curated Citations

Park JG, et al. Characteristics of cell lines established from human gastric carcinoma. Cancer Res. 50: 2773-2780, 1990. PubMed: 2158397

NCI-Navy Medical Oncology Branch Cell Line Supplement. J. Cell. Biochem. suppl. 24: 1996.

Frequently Asked Questions

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