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ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
RKO cells contain wild-type p53 but lack endogenous human thyroid receptor nuclear receptor (h-TRbeta1). The level of p53 protein is higher in RKO (ATCC CRL-2577) cells than in RKO-E6 (ATCC CRL-2578) cells.
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Boyd D, et al. Determination of the levels of urokinase and its receptor in human colon carcinoma cell lines. Cancer Res. 48: 3112-3116, 1988. PubMed: 2835152
Smith ML, et al. Involvement of the p53 tumor suppressor in repair of u.v.-type DNA damage. Oncogene 10: 1053-1059, 1995. PubMed: 7700629
Brattain MG, et al. Heterogeneity of human colon carcinoma. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 3: 177-191, 1984. PubMed: 6437669
Bhat MK, et al. Tumor suppressor p53 is a negative regulator in thyroid hormone receptor signaling pathways. J. Biol. Chem. 272: 28989-28993, 1997. PubMed: 9360971