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ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
The cells require proline in the medium for growth.
To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C. Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.
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Puck TT, et al. Genetics of somatic mammalian cells III. Long-term cultivation of euploid cells from human and animal subjects. J. Exp. Med. 108: 945-956, 1958. PubMed: 13598821
Ham RG. Clonal growth of mammalian cells in a chemically defined, synthetic medium. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 53: 288-293, 1965. PubMed: 14294058
Kao FT, Puck TT. Genetics of somatic mammalian cells, VII. Induction and isolation of nutritional mutants in Chinese hamster cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 60: 1275-1281, 1968. PubMed: 5244736
Kao FT, Puck TT. Genetics of somatic mammalian cells. IV. Properties of Chinese hamster cell mutants with respect to the requirement for proline. Genetics 55: 513-524, 1967. PubMed: 6068403
Kao FT, et al. Complementation analysis on virus-fused Chinese hamster cells with nutritional markers. Science 164: 312-314, 1969. PubMed: 5813351