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Cells had contained Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV)
ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
The cells are positive for keratin by immunoperoxidase staining. The cells are positive for bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV).
To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C. Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.
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Didier ES, et al. Characterization of Encephalitozoon (Septata) intestinailis isolates cultured from nasal mucosa and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of two AIDS patients. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 43: 34-43, 1996. PubMed: 8563708
Beale AJ, et al. Rabbit Cells Susceptible to Rubella Virus. The Lancet 282: 640-641 1963
Bolin SR, et al. Survey of cell lines in the American Type Culture Collection for bovine viral diarrhea virus. J. Virol. Methods 48: 211-221, 1994. PubMed: 7989438
McCarthy K, et al. Isolation of Rubella Virus from Cases in Britain. The Lancet 282: 593-598 1963. PubMed: 14050876
Loffler S, et al. CD9, a tetraspan transmembrane protein, renders cells susceptible to canine distemper virus. J. Virol. 71: 42-49, 1997. PubMed: 8985321