ATCC ATCC Logo 0
  • Quick Order

DLD-1

CCL-221

DLD-1 is a colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line isolated from the large intestine of a colon adenocarcinoma patient. It can be used for cancer research.
Product category
Human cells
Organism
Homo sapiens, human
Cell type
epithelial cell
Morphology
epithelial
Tissue
Large intestine; Colon
Disease
Adenocarcinoma; Colorectal; Dukes' type C
Applications
3D cell culture
Cancer research
Product format
Frozen
Storage conditions
Vapor phase of liquid nitrogen
Buy Now
Price: $520.00 EA
Discounts may be available for our fellow nonprofit organizations.

Generally ships within 1-3 business days

Documentation

Biosafety Icon Biosafety Level 1

ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information

General

Specific applications
This cell line is a suitable transfection host.

Characteristics

Growth properties
Adherent
Derivation
DLD-1 is one of two colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines which were isolated by D.L. Dexter and associates during a period from 1977-1979
A culture of unknown passage submitted to the ATCC in 1979 was found to be contaminated with Mycoplasma hyorhinis. ­
Age
adult
Gender
Male
Karyotype
This is a pseudodiploid human cell line with the modal chromosome number of 46, occurring in 86% of cells. The rate of polyploidy was high at 17.1%. The karyotype of the line was 46,XY,-2,+dir dup(2)(p13-p23). The Y chromosome was slightly longer than N22 and had a large segment of heterochromatic, fluorescent distal q arms.
Tumorigenic
Yes;
Yes, in nude mice
; myc+; myb+; ras+; fos+; sis+; p53+; abl-; ros-; src-
Antigen expression
Blood type O
The cells are weakly positive for keratins and vimentin. The cells are positive for keratin by immunoperoxidase staining.
DLD-1 cells are positive for p53 antigen expression (the p53 antigen produced has a C -> T mutation resulting in Ser -> Phe at position 241).
Genes expressed
carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) 0.5 ng/106 cells/10 days; colon antigen 3
Isoenzymes
ES-D, 1-2
G6PD, B
PEP-D, 1
PGD, A
PGM1, 1
PGM3, 1
Comments

This cell line is one of four colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines that have been identified as being derived from a single individual. DNA profiling studies [1,2] have shown that DLD-1 (ATCC CCL-221), HCT-15 (ATCC CCL-225), HCT-8 (ATCC CCL-244) and HRT-18G (ATCC CRL-11663) share a single profile. 

DNA fingerprinting and cytogenetic analyses performed at ATCC and elsewhere show the line is similar to HCT-15 (CCL-225) and suggest the two are of different clonal origin from the same individual.

Their genetic origin has been confirmed by DNA fingerprinting; however, cytogenetic analysis has shown that they lack concurrent marker chromosomes or concurrent numerical changes.

A culture of unknown passage submitted to the ATCC in 1979 was found to be contaminated with Mycoplasma hyorhinis. The cells were subsequently cured using a combination of antibiotics over a 12-week cultivation period.

Following treatment, the cells were assayed by the Hoechst stain weekly and by the standard culture test periodically. During 11 consecutive months of cultivation in the absence of antibiotics, all of these tests were negative.

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated RPMI-1640 Medium, ATCC 30-2001. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum (ATCC 30-2020) to a final concentration of 10%.
Temperature
37°C
Handling procedure

To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.

  1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water.  Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
  2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
  3. Transfer the vial contents to a centrifuge tube containing  9.0 mL complete culture medium. and spin at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 7 minutes.
  4. Resuspend cell pellet with the recommended complete medium (see the specific batch information for the culture recommended dilution ratio). It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells.  It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the complete growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6). pH (7.0 to 7.6).
  5. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator.  A 5% CO2 in air atmosphere is recommended if using the medium described on this product sheet.

         

Subculturing procedure

Volumes used in this protocol are for 75 cm2 flask; proportionally reduce or increase amount of dissociation medium for culture vessels of other sizes.

  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin-0.53mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum, which contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes). Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach.  Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting. 
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell supension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:10 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week

Quality control specifications

Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
STR profiling
Amelogenin: X,Y
CSF1PO: 11,12
D13S317: 8,11
D16S539: 12,13
D5S818: 13
D7S820: 10,12
THO1: 7,9.3
TPOX: 8,11
vWA: 18,19

History

Deposited as
Homo sapiens
Depositors
DL Dexter

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.
Warranty

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.

Disclaimers

This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at www.atcc.org.

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PERMITS AND RESTRICTIONS

References

Curated Citations

Chen TR, et al. Intercellular karyotypic similarity in near-diploid cell lines of human tumor origins. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 10: 351-362, 1983. PubMed: 6652615

Chen TR, et al. DLD-1 and HCT-15 cell lines derived separately from colorectal carcinomas have totally different chromosome changes but the same genetic origin. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 81: 103-108, 1995. PubMed: 7621404

Trainer DL, et al. Biological characterization and oncogene expression in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. Int. J. Cancer 41: 287-296, 1988. PubMed: 3338874

Dexter DL, et al. N,N-dimethylformamide-induced alteration of cell culture characteristics and loss of tumorigenicity in cultured human colon carcinoma cells. Cancer Res. 39: 1020-1025, 1979. PubMed: 427742

Rodrigues NR, et al. p53 mutations in colorectal cancer. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87: 7555-7559, 1990. PubMed: 1699228

View All Curated Citations for this Product

Frequently Asked Questions

Need assistance with this product? Contact our Technical Support team.

Telephone

Telephone

US and Puerto Rico

800-638-6597

Outside the US

+1-703-365-2700
hours

Hours of Operation

Monday-Friday
9:30am - 5:30pm
US Eastern Time