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ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
The cells will pinocytose neutral red and will phagocytose latex beads and zymosan. They are capable of antibody dependent lysis of sheep erythrocytes and tumor cell targets. LPS or PPD treatment for 2 days stimulates lysis of erythrocytes but not tumor cell targets.
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Ralph P, Nakoinz I. Antibody-dependent killing of erythrocyte and tumor targets by macrophage-related cell lines: enhancement by PPD and LPS. J. Immunol. 119: 950-954, 1977. PubMed: 894031
Raschke WC, et al. Functional macrophage cell lines transformed by Abelson leukemia virus. Cell 15: 261-267, 1978. PubMed: 212198
Denlinger LC, et al. Regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase expression by macrophage purinoreceptors and calcium. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 337-342, 1996. PubMed: 8550583
Hambleton J, et al. Activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase in bacterial lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 2774-2778, 1996. PubMed: 8610116
Taylor GA, et al. Identification of anovel GTPase, the inducibly expresed GTPase, that accumulates in response to interferon gamma. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 20399-20405, 1996. PubMed: 8702776