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Hs 578T


Hs 578T are epithelial cells isolated from breast tissue derived from a 74-year-old, White, female breast cancer patient. Use these cells in breast cancer research.
Product category
Human cells
Homo sapiens, human
Cell type
epithelial cell
Breast; Mammary gland
3D cell culture
Cancer research
Product format
Storage conditions
Vapor phase of liquid nitrogen
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

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Detailed product information


Growth properties
It was originated by A.J. Hackett, et al. along with the Hs 578Bst (see ATCC HTB-125), which is a normal fibroblast-like line from the same patient.
The Hs 578T cell strain was derived from a carcinoma of the breast.
74 years
Clinical data
Along with the Hs 578Bst (see ATCC HTB-125), which is a normal fibroblast-like line from the same patient
This is a hypotriploid human cell line with a modal chromosome number of 59. QM staining verified the absence of a Y chromosome. The rate of polyploidy in excess of the modal number is 33.8%. There were 8 consistent derivative chromosomes: del(1)(q12), del(2)(?q36), der(3)t(3;15)(q10;p10), der(5)t(5;8)(p10;q10), i(6)(p10), del(11)(p12),i(17)(q10), der(19)(19pter<-q13::5q13<-qter) plus two markers of unknown origin and one minute chromosome. Normal chromosome 17's were absent and only a single normal 15 was seen in most cells. No brightly fluorescent Y chromosomes were detected with QM staining. Number of cells examined = 50; Modal Chromosome Number = 59 with a range of 50 to 77; Polyploidy Rate = 33.8%
Composite karyotype: 50-77 <3n> X, -1, del(1)(q12), -2, del(2)(?q36), der(3)t(3;15)(q10;p10),-4, -5,der(5)t(5;8)(p10;q10),-6, i(6)(p10), +8, -9, -10, -11, del(11)(p12), -12, -13, -14, -15, -15, -16, -17, -17, -17, i(17)(q10), -18, -19,der(19)(19pter<-q13::5q13<-qter), +22, +3 mar[cp12]. There are 8 consistent derivative chromosomes: del(1)(q12), del(2)(?q36), der(3)t(3;15)(q10;p10), der(5)t(5;8)(p10;q10), i(6)(p10), del(11)(p12), i(17)(q10), der(19)(19pter<-q13::5q13<-qter) plus two markers of unknown origin and one minute chromosome. Four other markers, including two derivative chromosome 1s were noted are lower frequency.
No, in immunosuppressed mice
Yes, in semisolid medium
Expression markers
Estrogen receptor, not expressed
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
GLO-I, 1
Me-2, 0
PGM1, 1
PGM3, 1
The Hs 578T line had a mixed polygonal morphology initially, but a stellate cell type was selected for during passage and by cloning. 

Aggregates of casein protein granules, desmosomes, tight junctions, lipid droplets and vesicularized smooth endoplasmic reticulum were observed by electron microscopy. 

As with Hs 578Bst, no estrogen receptors or endogenous viruses were detected. 

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM; ATCC 30-2002). To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: 
  • 0.01 mg/ml human insulin (Gibco cat# 12585-014) 
  • Fetal bovine serum (FBS; ATCC 30-2020)to a final concentration of 10%
95% Air, 5% CO2
Handling procedure

To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.

  1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water.  Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
  2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
  3. It is recommended that the cryoprotective agent be removed immediately.  Centrifuge the cell suspension at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 10 minutes.  Discard the supernatant and resuspend the cell pellet in an appropriate amount of fresh growth medium.
  4. Transfer the cell pellet to an appropriate size vessel.  It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells.  It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6).
  5. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator.  A 5% CO2 in air atmosphere is recommended if using the medium described on this product sheet.
Subculturing procedure
Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 ml of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 ml of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:8 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Reagents for cryopreservation
Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO (ATCC 4-X)

Quality control specifications

Mycoplasma contamination
Not detected
STR profiling
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 13
D13S317: 11
D16S539: 9,12
D5S818: 11
D7S820: 10
TH01: 9,9.3
vWA: 17
D3S1358: 16,17
D21S11: 29,32.2
D18S51: 16
Penta_E: 13,14
Penta_D: 8,13
D8S1179: 13
FGA: 23,24
D19S433: 14,15
D2S1338: 17,26


Deposited as
Homo sapiens
AJ Hackett
Special collection
Human Tumor Cell Bank

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Hackett AJ, et al. Two syngeneic cell lines from human breast tissue: the aneuploid mammary epithelial (Hs 578T) and the diploid myoepithelial (Hs 578Bst) cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 1795-1806, 1977. PubMed: 864756

Smith HS. In vitro properties of epithelial cell lines established from human carcinomas and nonmalignant tissue. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 62: 225-230, 1979. PubMed: 283258

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764

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