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Kocuria rhizophila Kovacs et al. (ATCC® 9341)

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Strain Designations: FDA strain PCI 1001  /  Type Strain: no  /  Biosafety Level: 1

Permits and Restrictions

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Deposited As Sarcina lutea (Schroeter) Schroeter
Verified By Whole-genome Sequencing
Strain Designations FDA strain PCI 1001
Assay of amoxicillin
Assay of ampicillin
Assay of clindamycin
Assay of cyclacillin
Assay of erythromycin
Assay of fungicide residues
Assay of lincomycin
Assay of novobiocin
Assay of oleandomycin
Assay of penicillamine
Food testing
Pharmaceutical and Personal Care
Assay of penicillin
Assay of rifamycins rifamycin
Assay of tylosin
Media testing
Membrane filter testing
Produces 6-aminopenicillanic acid
Produces sorbosone L-sorbosone
Quality control strain
Sterility testing
Susceptibility disc testing chloramphenicol
Susceptibility disc testing doxycycline hydramycin
Susceptibility disc testing tetracycline
Biosafety Level 1

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Product Format freeze-dried
Storage Conditions Frozen: -80°C or colder
Freeze-Dried: 2°C to 8°C
Live Culture: See Propagation Section
Preceptrol® no
Genome Sequenced Strain

Kocuria rhizophila DC2201 DNA, complete genome.

Type Strain no
Genome sequenced strain
Medium ATCC® Medium 18: Trypticase Soy Agar/Broth
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 30°C
Atmosphere: Aerobic
Name of Depositor FDA
Special Collection NSF - Bacteriology
Chain of Custody
ATCC <-- FDA <-- ER Squibb & Sons

Makover S, Pruess DL. Method for producing L-sorbosone. US Patent 3,912,592 dated Oct 14 1975

British Pharmacopoeia Commission Biological assay of antibiotics. London, UK:British Pharmacopoeia Commission;British Pharmacopoeia Appendix XIV A, 2003

European Pharmacopoeia Commission Microbiological assay of antibiotics. Strasbourg, France:European Pharmacopoeia Commission;European Pharmacopoeia EP 2.7.2, 1997

U.S. Food & Drug Administration Inhibitory substances in milk, Sarcina lutea cylinder plate methodIn: U.S. Food & Drug Administration Bacteriological analytical manual 8th ed.Gaithersburg, MD. AOAC International pp. 20.01-20.04, 1995

US Food & Drug Administration. GENERAL BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS STANDARDS; General Provisions; Sterility Code of Federal Regulations Title 21: 21CFR610.12, Subpart B, 2005

U.S. Pharmacopeia USP Monographs: Penicillamine. Rockville, MD: U.S. Pharmacopeia; USP USP34-NF29, 2011

U.S. Pharmacopeia General Chapters: <71> STERILITY TESTS. Rockville, MD:U.S. Pharmacopeia;USP USP34-NF29, 2011

U.S. Pharmacopeia General Chapters; <81> Antibiotics-Microbial Assays. Rockville, MD: U.S. Pharmacopeia; USP USP34-NF29, 2011

AOAC International Antibiotics in feeds, microbiological methods. Gaithersburg, MD:AOAC International;AOAC "Official Methods of Analysis of the AOAC International" 957.23.

Noya F, et al. Heme compounds as iron sources for nonpathogenic Rhizobium bacteria. J. Bacteriol. 179: 3076-3078, 1997. PubMed: 9139934

Tang JS, Gillevet PM. Reclassification of ATCC 9341 from Micrococcus luteus to Kocuria rhizophila. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53: 995-997, 2003. PubMed: 12892116

Inhibitory Substance in Milk. Washington, DC:US Food & Drug Administration;Bacteriological Analytical Manual Online Chapt. 20A, 2001

Microbial assay for antibiotics. Tokyo, Japan:Japanese Pharmacopoeia;JP JP14e.part I.34.

Sterility test, Growth promotion test. Tokyo, Japan:Japanese Pharmacopoeia;JP JP14e.part I.54.

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AP009152 Kocuria rhizophila DC2201 DNA, complete genome.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AB103093 Micrococcus luteus genes for 16S rRNA, 16S-23S ISR, 23S rRNA, partial and complete sequence, strain:ATCC 9341.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF542072 Kocuria rhizophila 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : K02683 M. luteus (ATCC 9341) 5S ribosomal RNA.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : U10878 Micrococcus luteus FtsZ (ftsZ) gene, partial cds.

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
  1. Accessing genome sequencing data

    Date Updated: 9/30/2019

  2. Criteria for reference quality genomes

    Date Updated: 9/30/2019