Parabacteroides merdae (Johnson et al.) Sakamoto and Benno (ATCC® 43184)

Strain Designations: VPI T4-1 [CIP 104202T, JCM 9497]  /  Type Strain: yes  /  Biosafety Level: 2

Permits and Restrictions

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Deposited As Bacteroides merdae Johnson et al.
Strain Designations VPI T4-1 [CIP 104202T, JCM 9497]
Human feces, Texas
Biosafety Level 2

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Product Format freeze-dried
Storage Conditions Frozen: -80°C or colder
Freeze-Dried: 2°C to 8°C
Live Culture: See Propagation Section
Preceptrol® no
Genome Sequenced Strain


Type Strain yes
This strain has been sequenced as a reference genome for the NIH Human Microbiome Project.
Name of Depositor LV Moore
Chain of Custody
ATCC <-- LV Moore <-- W.E.C. Moore
Human feces, Texas

Johnson JL. Bacteroides caccae sp. nov., Bacteroides merdae sp. nov., and Bacteroides stercoris sp. nov. isolated from human feces. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 36: 499-501, 1986.

Johnson JL. Taxonomy of Bacteroides I. Deoxyribonucleic acid homologies among Bacteroides fragilis and other saccharolytic Bacteroides species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 28: 245-256, 1978.

Johnson JJ, Ault DA. Taxonomy of the bacteroides II. Correlation of phenotypic characteristics with deoxyribonucleic acid homology groupings for Bacteroides fragilis and other saccharolytic Bacteroides species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 28: 257-268, 1978.

Sakamoto M, Benno Y. Reclassification of Bacteroides distasonis, Bacteroides goldsteinii and Bacteroides merdae as Parabacteroides distasonis gen. nov., comb. nov., Parabacteroides goldsteinii comb. nov. and Parabacteroides merdae comb. nov.. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(Pt 7): 1599-1605, 2006. PubMed: 16825636

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : X83954 B.merdae 16S rRNA (ATCC 43184T).

Nucleotide (GenBank) : U50416 Bacteroides merdae 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence.

Gene ID : AB238928 Parabacteroides merdae gene for 16S ribosomal RNA, partial sequence, strain: JCM 9497

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAXE02000000 Parabacteroides merdae ATCC 43184, whole genome shotgun sequencing project

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation