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Micrococcus luteus (Schroeter) Cohn


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This strain of Micrococcus luteus is a whole-genome sequenced type strain with applications in quality control and the detection of aerosols, and it produces 6-aminopenicillanic acid and L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine esters.
Product category
Product type
Preceptrol culture
Strain designation
[ATCC 15307, CCM 169, CIP A-270, IAM 1056, IFO 3333, NCIB 9278, NCTC 2665, NRRL B-287]
Type strain
Genome sequenced strain
Quality control
Agricultural research
Product format
Storage conditions
2°C to 8°C
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information


Specific applications
Detection of aerosols
Produces 6-aminopenicillanic acid
Produces L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine esters
Quality control strain
Sensitive to lysozyme
Quality control strain for BBL products

Potential plant growth promoting strain; Biofertilizer



Genome sequenced strain

Handling information

Handling procedure
  1. Open vial according to enclosed instructions.
  2. Using a single tube of #18 broth (5 to 6 mL), withdraw approximately 0.5 to 1.0 mL with a Pasteur or 1.0 mL pipette. Rehydrate the entire pellet.
  3. Aseptically transfer this aliquot back into the broth tube. Mix well.
  4. Use several drops of the suspension to inoculate a #18 agar slant and/or plate.
  5. Incubate the tubes and plate at 30°C for 24-48 hours.
Handling notes
Purified genomic DNA of this strain is available as ATCC® 4698D-5™.
Additional information on this culture is available on the ATCC® web site at

Quality control specifications

Verification method
Whole-genome Sequencing


Deposited as
Micrococcus lysodeikticus Fleming
A Fleming
Cross references
GenBank X84791 M. luteus atpH and atpA genes.
GenBank K02682 M. luteus (ATCC 4698) 5S ribosomal RNA.
GenBank X12578 Micrococcus luteus gene homologous to E.coli uvrB gene.
GenBank U22181 Micrococcus luteus ultraviolet N-glycosylase/AP lyase gene, complete cds.
GenBank D78321 Micrococcus luteus gene for pyrimidine dimer DNA glycosylase, complete cds.
GenBank CABC01000000 Micrococcus luteus NCTC 2665 strain type strain: DSM 20030 = NCTC 2665, whole genome shotgun sequencing project.
GenBank CP001628 Micrococcus luteus NCTC 2665, complete genome.

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.



Curated Citations

Huang HT, English AR. Production of 6-aminopenicillanic acid. US Patent 3,239,427 dated Mar 8 1966

Majima E, et al. Process for the production of L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine esters. US Patent 4,666,838 dated May 19 1987

Fleming A. . Lancet 1: 217, 1929.

Fleming A. On a remarkable bacteriolytic element found in tissues and secretions. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B Biol. Sci. 93: 306-317, 1922.

Kocur M, et al. Taxonomic status of Micrococcus luteus (Schroeter 1872) Cohn 1872, and designation of the neotype strain. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 22: 218-223, 1972.

View All Curated Citations for this Product

Frequently Asked Questions

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