HT-29 (ATCC® HTB-38)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Tissue: colon  /  Disease: colorectal adenocarcinoma

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Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue
colon
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease colorectal adenocarcinoma
Age 44 years adult
Gender female
Ethnicity Caucasian
Applications
This cell line is a suitable transfection host.
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor temperature
Karyotype modal number = 71; range = 68 to 72.
The stemline chromosome number is hypertriploid with the 2S component occurring at 2.4%. Seventeen marker chromosomes are found in most metaphases, generally in single copy per chromosome. The marker designations are: M1p-(=t(3p-;?) with a deleted short arm), t(7q;?), t(10q;?), i(13q), 19q+a; M6, ?t(8q;9q-), ?Xp, M9, 6q+, t(13;?)a, t(13;?)b, 19q+b, M14, M15, 15p+, and Xq-. Chromosome 13 is nullisomic and chromosomes 8 and 14 are generally monosomic. No Y chromosome was detected by QM band analysis.
Images
Derivation
The HT-29 line was isolated from a primary tumor in 1964 by J. Fogh using the explant culture method.
Clinical Data
44 years adult
Caucasian
female
Antigen Expression
Blood Type A; Rh+; HLA A1, A3, B12, B17, Cw5
Receptor Expression
human adrenergic alpha2A RefDevedjian JC, et al. Regulation of the alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor in the HT29 cell line. Effects of insulin and growth factors. J. Biol. Chem. 266: 14359-14366, 1991. PubMed: 1677644, urokinase receptor (u-PAR), vitamin D (moderate expression), urokinase receptor (u-PAR); vitamin D (moderate expression), human adrenergic alpha2A RefDevedjian JC, et al. Regulation of the alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor in the HT29 cell line. Effects of insulin and growth factors. J. Biol. Chem. 266: 14359-14366, 1991. PubMed: 1677644
Oncogene myc +; ras +; myb +; fos +; sis +; p53 +; abl -; ros -; src -
Genes Expressed
secretory component of IgA; carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA); transforming growth factor beta binding protein; mucin,myc +; ras +; myb +; fos +; sis +; p53 +; abl -; ros -; src -,Blood Type A; Rh+; HLA A1, A3, B12, B17, Cw5,HT-29 cells are negative for CD4, but there is cell surface expression of galactose ceramide (a possible alternative receptor for HIV).
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, in nude mice; forms well differentiated adenocarcinoma consistent with colonic primary (grade I); tumors also form in steroid treated hamsters
Comments

Ultrastructural features reported for HT-29 cells include microvilli, microfilaments, large vacuolated mitochondria with dark granules, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum with free ribosomes, lipid droplets, few primary and many secondary lysosomes. 

The cells express urokinase receptors, but do not have detectable plasminogen activator activity [PubMed ID: 8381394]. HT-29 cells are negative for CD4, but there is cell surface expression of galactose ceramide (a possible alternative receptor for HIV). 

The line is positive for expression of c-myc, K-ras, H-ras, N-ras, Myb, sis and fos oncogenes. The p53 antigen is overproduced, and there is a G -> A mutation in codon 273 of the p53 gene resulting in an Arg -> His substitution. N-myc oncogene expression was not detected.

There is a G -> A mutation in codon 273 of the p53 gene resulting in an Arg -> His substitution.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated McCoy's 5a Medium Modified, Catalog No. 30-2007. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin - 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum which contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:8 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium, 95%; DMSO, 5%
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor temperature
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 11,12
D13S317: 11,12
D16S539: 11,12
D5S818: 11,12
D7S820: 10
THO1: 6,9
TPOX: 8,9
vWA: 17,19
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 1-2
Me-2, 1
PGM1, 1-2
PGM3, 1-2
Name of Depositor J Fogh
Year of Origin 1964
References

Didier ES, et al. Characterization of Encephalitozoon (Septata) intestinailis isolates cultured from nasal mucosa and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of two AIDS patients. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 43: 34-43, 1996. PubMed: 8563708

Fogh J. Human tumor cells in vitro. New York: Plenum Press; 1975.

Chen TR, et al. WiDr is a derivative of another colon adenocarcinoma cell line, HT-29. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 27: 125-134, 1987. PubMed: 3472642

Fogh J, et al. Absence of HeLa cell contamination in 169 cell lines derived from human tumors. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 209-214, 1977. PubMed: 833871

Fogh J, et al. One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines producing tumors in nude mice. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 221-226, 1977. PubMed: 327080

Adachi A, et al. Productive, persistent infection of human colorectal cell lines with human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol. 61: 209-213, 1987. PubMed: 3640832

Fantini J, et al. Human colon epithelial cells productively infected with human immunodeficiency virus show impaired differentiation and altered secretion. J. Virol. 66: 580-585, 1992. PubMed: 1727501

Butzow R, et al. A 60-kD protein mediates the binding of transforming growth factor-beta to cell surface and extracellular matrix proteoglycans. J. Cell Biol. 122: 721-727, 1993. PubMed: 8335695

Trainer DL, et al. Biological characterization and oncogene expression in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. Int. J. Cancer 41: 287-296, 1988. PubMed: 3338874

Hanski C, et al. Tumorigenicity, mucin production and AM-3 epitope expression in clones selected from the HT-29 colon carcinoma cell line. Int. J. Cancer 50: 924-929, 1992. PubMed: 1372882

Reiter LS, et al. The role of the urokinase receptor in extracellular matrix degradation by HT29 human colon carcinoma cells. Int. J. Cancer 53: 444-450, 1993. PubMed: 8381394

Barnett SW, et al. Characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strains recovered from the bowel of infected individuals. Virology 182: 802-809, 1991. PubMed: 2024498

Shabahang M, et al. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor as a marker of human colon carcinoma cell line differentiation and growth inhibition. Cancer Res. 53: 3712-3718, 1993. PubMed: 8393379

Lesuffleur T, et al. Differential expression of the human mucin genes MUC1 to MUC5 in relation to growth and differentiation of different mucus-secreting HT- 29 cell subpopulations. J. Cell Sci. 106: 771-778, 1993. PubMed: 8308060

Pollack MS, et al. HLA-A, B, C and DR alloantigen expression on forty-six cultured human tumor cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 66: 1003-1012, 1981. PubMed: 7017212

Fantini J, et al. Infection of colonic epithelial cell lines by type 1 human immunodeficiency virus is associated with cell surface expression of galactosylceramide, a potential alternative gp120 receptor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90: 2700-2704, 1993. PubMed: 8464878

Devedjian JC, et al. Regulation of the alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor in the HT29 cell line. Effects of insulin and growth factors. J. Biol. Chem. 266: 14359-14366, 1991. PubMed: 1677644

Santoro IM, Groden J. Alternative splicing of the APC gene and its association with terminal differentiation. Cancer Res. 57: 488-494, 1997. PubMed: 9012479

Bermudez LE, et al. Exposure to low oxygen tension and increased osmolarity enhance the ability of Mycobacterium avium to enter intestinal epithelial (HT-29) cells. Infect. Immun. 65: 3768-3773, 1997. PubMed: 9284150

Tsao H, et al. Novel mutations in the p16/CDKN2A binding region of the Cyclin-dependent Kinase-4 gene. Cancer Res. 58: 109-113, 1998. PubMed: 9426066

Qian XC, Brent TP. Methylation hot spots in the 5' flanking region denote silencing of the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene. Cancer Res. 57: 3672-3677, 1997. PubMed: 9288770

Morin PJ, et al. Apoptosis and APC in colorectal tumorigenesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 7950-7954, 1996. PubMed: 8755583

White LJ, et al. Attachment and entry of recombinant norwalk virus capsids to cultured human and animal cell lines. J. Virol. 70: 6589-6597, 1996. PubMed: 8794293

Kolanus W, et al. alphaLbeta2 integrin/LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 induced by cytohesin-1 a cytoplasmic regulatory molecule. Cell 86: 233-242, 1996. PubMed: 8706128

Wang R, et al. Cellular adherence elicits ligand-independent activation of the Met cell-surface receptor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 8425-8430, 1996. PubMed: 8710887

Young SW, et al. Gadolinium(III) texaphyrin: a tumor selective radiation sensitizer that is detectable by MRI. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 6610-6615, 1996. PubMed: 8692865

Groh V, et al. Cell stress-regulated human major histocompatibility complex class I gene expressed in gastrointestinal epithelium. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 12445-12450, 1996. PubMed: 8901601

Takahashi K, et al. Keratan sulfate modification of CD44 modulates adhesion to hyaluronate. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 9490-9496, 1996. PubMed: 8621620

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
Restrictions

The cells are distributed for research purposes only. The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center releases the cells subject to the following: 1.) The cells or their products must not be distributed to third parties. Commercial interests are the exclusive property of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. 2.) Any proposed commercial use of these cells must first be negotiated with the Office of Technology Development, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065. Contact Tingting Zhang-Kharas, Direct Phone: 646-888-1083, Reception: 646-888-1080, Email: zhangkht@mskcc.org

References

Didier ES, et al. Characterization of Encephalitozoon (Septata) intestinailis isolates cultured from nasal mucosa and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of two AIDS patients. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 43: 34-43, 1996. PubMed: 8563708

Fogh J. Human tumor cells in vitro. New York: Plenum Press; 1975.

Chen TR, et al. WiDr is a derivative of another colon adenocarcinoma cell line, HT-29. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 27: 125-134, 1987. PubMed: 3472642

Fogh J, et al. Absence of HeLa cell contamination in 169 cell lines derived from human tumors. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 209-214, 1977. PubMed: 833871

Fogh J, et al. One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines producing tumors in nude mice. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59: 221-226, 1977. PubMed: 327080

Adachi A, et al. Productive, persistent infection of human colorectal cell lines with human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol. 61: 209-213, 1987. PubMed: 3640832

Fantini J, et al. Human colon epithelial cells productively infected with human immunodeficiency virus show impaired differentiation and altered secretion. J. Virol. 66: 580-585, 1992. PubMed: 1727501

Butzow R, et al. A 60-kD protein mediates the binding of transforming growth factor-beta to cell surface and extracellular matrix proteoglycans. J. Cell Biol. 122: 721-727, 1993. PubMed: 8335695

Trainer DL, et al. Biological characterization and oncogene expression in human colorectal carcinoma cell lines. Int. J. Cancer 41: 287-296, 1988. PubMed: 3338874

Hanski C, et al. Tumorigenicity, mucin production and AM-3 epitope expression in clones selected from the HT-29 colon carcinoma cell line. Int. J. Cancer 50: 924-929, 1992. PubMed: 1372882

Reiter LS, et al. The role of the urokinase receptor in extracellular matrix degradation by HT29 human colon carcinoma cells. Int. J. Cancer 53: 444-450, 1993. PubMed: 8381394

Barnett SW, et al. Characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strains recovered from the bowel of infected individuals. Virology 182: 802-809, 1991. PubMed: 2024498

Shabahang M, et al. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor as a marker of human colon carcinoma cell line differentiation and growth inhibition. Cancer Res. 53: 3712-3718, 1993. PubMed: 8393379

Lesuffleur T, et al. Differential expression of the human mucin genes MUC1 to MUC5 in relation to growth and differentiation of different mucus-secreting HT- 29 cell subpopulations. J. Cell Sci. 106: 771-778, 1993. PubMed: 8308060

Pollack MS, et al. HLA-A, B, C and DR alloantigen expression on forty-six cultured human tumor cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 66: 1003-1012, 1981. PubMed: 7017212

Fantini J, et al. Infection of colonic epithelial cell lines by type 1 human immunodeficiency virus is associated with cell surface expression of galactosylceramide, a potential alternative gp120 receptor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90: 2700-2704, 1993. PubMed: 8464878

Devedjian JC, et al. Regulation of the alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor in the HT29 cell line. Effects of insulin and growth factors. J. Biol. Chem. 266: 14359-14366, 1991. PubMed: 1677644

Santoro IM, Groden J. Alternative splicing of the APC gene and its association with terminal differentiation. Cancer Res. 57: 488-494, 1997. PubMed: 9012479

Bermudez LE, et al. Exposure to low oxygen tension and increased osmolarity enhance the ability of Mycobacterium avium to enter intestinal epithelial (HT-29) cells. Infect. Immun. 65: 3768-3773, 1997. PubMed: 9284150

Tsao H, et al. Novel mutations in the p16/CDKN2A binding region of the Cyclin-dependent Kinase-4 gene. Cancer Res. 58: 109-113, 1998. PubMed: 9426066

Qian XC, Brent TP. Methylation hot spots in the 5' flanking region denote silencing of the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene. Cancer Res. 57: 3672-3677, 1997. PubMed: 9288770

Morin PJ, et al. Apoptosis and APC in colorectal tumorigenesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 7950-7954, 1996. PubMed: 8755583

White LJ, et al. Attachment and entry of recombinant norwalk virus capsids to cultured human and animal cell lines. J. Virol. 70: 6589-6597, 1996. PubMed: 8794293

Kolanus W, et al. alphaLbeta2 integrin/LFA-1 binding to ICAM-1 induced by cytohesin-1 a cytoplasmic regulatory molecule. Cell 86: 233-242, 1996. PubMed: 8706128

Wang R, et al. Cellular adherence elicits ligand-independent activation of the Met cell-surface receptor. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 8425-8430, 1996. PubMed: 8710887

Young SW, et al. Gadolinium(III) texaphyrin: a tumor selective radiation sensitizer that is detectable by MRI. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 6610-6615, 1996. PubMed: 8692865

Groh V, et al. Cell stress-regulated human major histocompatibility complex class I gene expressed in gastrointestinal epithelium. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 12445-12450, 1996. PubMed: 8901601

Takahashi K, et al. Keratan sulfate modification of CD44 modulates adhesion to hyaluronate. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 9490-9496, 1996. PubMed: 8621620