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Pneumocystis carinii Delanoe and Delanoe


Pneumocystis carinii strain M167-6 was isolated in October 2003 from the lungs of an immunosuppressed Lewis male rat in Cincinnati, Ohio. This parasitic protozoan is cultivated in rats and has applications in opportunistic pathogen research.
Product category
Product type
Strain designation
Type strain
Isolation source
Lungs of immunosuppressed Lewis male rat, Rattus norvegicus; isolated October 2003 by M Collins
Geographical isolation
United States; Ohio; Cincinnati
Product format
Storage conditions
-80°C or colder for 1 week, vapor phase of liquid nitrogen for long-term storage
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information


Specific applications
Opportunistic pathogen research


Parasitic yeast-like fungus
Cultured in vivo, rat lung
Determined by contour-clamped homogeneous electrical field electrophoresis to be the Form 1 karyotype

Handling information


in vivo cultivation, rat

Handling procedure
Storage and Culture Initiation

Frozen ampules packed in dry ice should either be thawed immediately or stored in liquid nitrogen. If liquid nitrogen storage facilities are not available, frozen ampules may be stored at or below -70°C for approximately one week. Do not under any circumstance store frozen ampules at refrigerator freezer temperatures (generally -20°C). Storage of frozen material at this temperature will result in the death of the culture.

  1. To thaw a frozen ampule, place it in a 35°C water bath , until thawed (2-3 min). Immerse the ampule just sufficient to cover the frozen material. Do not agitate the ampule.
  2. Immediately after thawing, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule with a syringe and inoculate an uninfected, immunosuppressed rat. Follow the protocol for maintenance in vivo. The course of infection may be longer or shorter than usual depending on percent recovery of the parasite from the frozen state.
Culture maintenance

When the frozen ampule arrives, store it as indicated above until ready to use. The following directions for establishing an infection are adapted from: Boylan, C.J. and W.L. Current. 1992. Improved rat model of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: induced laboratory infections in  Pneumocystis-free animals. Infect. Immun. 60: 1589-1597. They must be followed carefully to assure success.

  1. Seven days prior to thawing the frozen ampule, immunosuppress rats (viral antibody-negative male or female rats weighing 120-140 grams each, any of several strains, e.g., Lewis, Sprague-Dawley, Fischer 344) by administering one injection of 4 mg of methylprednisolone acetate (Upjohn Co., Kalamazoo, MI).
  2. On day seven, thaw the frozen ampule rapidly in a 35°C water bath as indicated above.
  3. Transfer the thawed contents to a centrifuge tube and add an equal volume of RPMI 1640 medium (GIBCO 31800-022) containing 20% (v/v) heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum.
  4. Centrifuge at 1000 x g for 5 minutes, remove supernatant and resuspend the pellet with medium specified in step 3 to a volume such that the final concentration of the P. carinii nuclei is 107-108 per mL (the concentration of the nuclei will be specified on the certificate of analysis shipped with the frozen ampule).
  5. Aspirate 0.1 mL of the well-mixed suspension into a 1.0 mL syringe fitted with a three-inch, 20-gauge curved stainless steel animal feeding tube (Popper and Sons, New Hyde Park, NY). Keep filled syringe on ice until ready to inoculate.
  6. Lightly anesthetize rats by exposing them briefly to halothane.
  7. Suspend anesthetized rats by their upper incisors on a wire loop at the top of a board held at a 60 degree incline. Pull tongue to one side of the lower incisors with a pair of forceps, insert the feeding tube prepared in step 5 and express 0.1 mL of inoculum followed by 0.4 mL of air into the trachea. Note: To assure correct placement of the inoculum into the trachea, direct the feeding tube along the back of the tongue into the larynx while palpating the trachea.
  8. Continue weekly injections of 4 mg of methylprednisolone into inoculated rats.
  9. Six weeks post-inoculation, check for infection by killing a rat, removing the lungs and preparing impression smears.


MT Cushion
Type of isolate
Year of origin

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Redhead SA, et al. Pneumocystis and Trypanosoma cruzi: nomenclature and typifications. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 53: 2-11, 2006. PubMed: 16441572

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