Plasmodium berghei Vincke and Lips
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.
ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
Storage and Culture Initiation
Frozen ampules packed in dry ice should either be thawed immediately or stored in liquid nitrogen. If liquid nitrogen storage facilities are not available, frozen ampoules may be stored at or below -70°C for approximately one week. Do not under any circumstance store frozen ampules at refrigerator freezer temperatures (generally -20°C). Storage of frozen material at this temperature will result in the death of the culture.
The following directions for recovery from the frozen state must be carefully followed if a culture is to be successfully established.
To monitor the infection (recommended every 24 hrs. from day 3 onwards), withdraw a small amount of blood (0.05–0.1ml) from a limb using a hemolet and make a smear (see below). When parasitemia reaches 10–30%, parasites should be harvested.
Only young cells (rings) can be frozen in glycerolyte medium* because their membranes are more robust.
The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid. Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.
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Boyer JM, et al. Lipid composition and activity of a lytic factor isolated from Plasmodium berghei. Infect. Immun. 25: 805-809, 1979. PubMed: 387594
D'Antonio LE, et al. Malaria vaccine antigen(s): detergent solubilization, partial isolation, and recovery of immunoprotective activity. Infect. Immun. 43: 442-444, 1984. PubMed: 6360908
Alger NE, et al. Plasmodium berghei NK65 in the inbred A-J mouse: variations in virulence of P. berghei demes. J. Protozool. 18: 598-601, 1971. PubMed: 5133123
Alger NE, Keshavarz-Valian H. Plasmodium berghei: the effects of suppressor factor on vaccination. Int. J. Parasitol. 14: 301-307, 1984. PubMed: 6381347
D'Antonio LE, et al. Model system for study of artificially induced resistance to malaria. Nature 223: 507-509, 1969. PubMed: 5796953