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Aliivibrio fischeri (Beijerinck) Urbanczyk et al.


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Product category
Strain designation
NRRL B-11177
Type strain
Genome sequenced strain
Product format
Storage conditions
2°C to 8°C
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information


Specific applications


Bacterial bioluminescence test

Handling information

Handling procedure
  1. Open vial according to enclosed instructions.
  2. Using a single tube of #101 broth (5 to 6 mL), withdraw approximately 0.5 to 1.0 mL with a Pasteur or 1.0 mL pipette.  Rehydrate the entire pellet.
  3. Aseptically transfer this aliquot back into the broth tube.  Mix well.
  4. Incubate the broth tube for 4 to 5 days at 15-18°C.  This strain needs to establish good growth in broth culture before additional transfers are made. 
  5. After growth has been achieved, transfer can be made to secondary tubes of broth, slants, and plates.  Additional incubation may be required for growth on solid media.
Handling notes
This strain may be temperature sensitive.  You should use chilled media for rehydration or the cells may be damaged.  Place tubes at the proper temperature immediately.  Temperatures above 20°C should be avoided.  Store or transfer immediately.  Do not let them stand at room temperature.

This strain will grow on Marine Broth 2216 (BD 279110) and Marine Agar 2216 (BD 212185), but Photobacterium Medium is recommended for demonstrating luminescence.  To check for luminescence, inoculate a slant, leaving cap loose.  Incubate at optimal temperature until growth is observed.  Then, hold in the dark for 10 minutes.  If no luminescence is detected, reincubate and check again after 24-48 additional hours. 

Additional information on this culture is available on the ATC®C web site at

Quality control specifications

Verification method
Whole-genome Sequencing


Deposited as
Photobacterium phosphoreum (Cohn) Beijerinck

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Water quality--Determination of the inhibitory effect of water samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test)--Part 1: Method using freshly prepared bacteria. Geneva (Switzerland):International Organization for Standardization/ANSI;ISO ISO 11348-1:1998.

Water quality--Determination of the inhibitory effects of water samples on the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test)--Part 2: Method using liquid-dried bacteria. Geneva (Switzerland):International Organization for Standardization/ANSI;ISO ISO 11348-2:1998.

Water quality--Determination of the inhibitory effect of water samples in the light emission of Vibrio fischeri (Luminescent bacteria test)-- Part 3: Method using freeze-dried bacteria. Geneva (Switzerland):International Organization for Standardization/ANSI;ISO ISO 11348-3:1998.

German standard methods for the examination of water, waste water and sludge--Bio-assays (group L) -- Part 37: Determination of the inhibitory effect of water on the growth of bacteria (Photobacterium phosphoreum cell multiplication inhibition test) (L 37). Berlin, Germany:Deutsches Institut fur Normung;DIN DIN 38412-37: 1999, 1999

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