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Tully JG, et al. Revised group classification of the genus Spiroplasma (Class Mollicutes), with proposed new groups XII and XXIII. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 37: 357-364, 1987.
Abalain-Colloc ML, et al. Division of group XVI spiroplasmas into subgroups. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43: 342-346, 1993.
beetle gut, Cantharis bilineatus