• Careers
  • Support

Leptothrix discophora (Schwers) Dorff


Type strain. Produces an iron-oxidizing protein.
Product category
Strain designation
Type strain
Isolation source
Metallic surface film of pond
Geographical isolation
United States; New York
Product format
Storage conditions
-80°C or colder
Buy Now
Price: $418.00 EA
Discounts may be available for our fellow nonprofit organizations. Login to see your price.

Generally ships within 1-3 business days


ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information


Specific applications
Produces an iron-oxidizing protein


Manganese metabolism

Handling information

Handling procedure
  1. Thaw vial quickly in a 37°C water bath.
  2. Aseptically transfer vial contents to 50 mL of #1503 or #1987 broth contained in a 125 mL cotton-stoppered or screw cap flask.
  3. Incubate flask at 26°C with shaking.
Handling notes

Broth should become cloudy, indicating growth, within three days of incubation. At this time, agar slants and/or plates may be inoculated with approximately 0.2 mL each from the broth culture. Additional volumes of broth can be inoculated using a 5 to 10% addition (i.e. 5 to 10 mL inoculum to 100 mL of broth).

This strain will also grow on Nutrient agar (BD 213000).

Additional information on this culture is available on the ATCC® web site at


Deposited as
Leptothrix discophora (Schwers) Dorff
LF Adams
Chain of custody
ATCC <-- LF Adams <-- W.C. Ghiorse
Type of isolate
Cross references
GenBank L33975 Leptothrix discophora (strain SS-1) 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA).

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Adams LF, Ghiorse WC. Influence of manganese on growth of a sheathless strain of Leptothrix discophora. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49: 556-562, 1985.

Adams LF, Ghiorse WC. Physiology and ultrastructure of Leptothrix discophora SS-1. Arch. Microbiol. 145: 126-135, 1986.

Boogerd FC, de Vrind JP. Manganese oxidation by Leptothrix discophora. J. Bacteriol. 169: 489-494, 1987. PubMed: 3804969

Corstjens PL, et al. Enzymatic iron oxidation by Leptothrix discophora: identification of an iron-oxidizing protein. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58: 450-454, 1992. PubMed: 1610168

Spring S, et al. Polyphasic characterization of the genus Leptothrix: new descriptions of Leptothrix mobilis sp. nov., and Leptothrix discophora sp. nov. nom. rev. and emended description of Leptothrix cholodnii emend.. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 19: 634-643, 1996.

View All Curated Citations for this Product

Need assistance with this product? Contact our Technical Support team.


US and Puerto Rico

Outside the US

Hours of Operation

9:00am - 5:00pm
US Eastern Time