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ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.
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Sneath PH, Skerman VB. A list of type and reference strains of bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 16: 1-134, 1966.
Edward DG. A suggested classification and nomenclature for organisms of the pleuropneumonia group. Int. Bull. Bacteriol. Nomencl. Taxon. 5: 85-93, 1955.
Edward DG, Freundt EA. Type strains of species of the order Mycoplasmatales, including designation of neotypes for Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, Mycoplasma agalactiae subsp. agalactiae, and Mycoplasma arthritidis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 23: 55-61, 1973.
Edward DG, Freundt EA. The classification and nomenclature of organisms of the pleuropneumonia groups. J. Gen. Microbiol. 14: 197-207, 1956. PubMed: 13306904
Edward DG, Fitzgerald WA. The isolation of organisms of the pleuropneumonia group from dogs. J. Gen. Microbiol. 5: 566-575, 1951. PubMed: 14873903