Spirochaeta zuelzerae (Veldkamp) Canale-Parola
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Anaerobic conditions for transfer may be obtained by either of the following:
Anaerobic conditions for incubation may be obtained by any of the following:
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Canale-Parola E. Revival of names Spirochaeta litoralis, Spirochaeta zuelzerae, and Spirochaeta aurantia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 30: 594, 1980.
De Bruijn JH. Serological relationship between Treponema zuelzerae and the Reiter strain of Treponema pallidum. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 27: 98-102, 1961.
Canale-Parola E, et al. The classification of free-living spirochetes. Arch. Mikrobiol. 63: 385-397, 1968. PubMed: 5709371
Veldkamp H. Isolation and characteristics of Treponema zuelzerae nov. spec., an anaerobic free-living spirochete. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 26: 103-125, 1960.