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Paramecium tetraurelia Sonneborn


Product category
KINGDOM: Protozoa
Strain designation
stock d4-116
Type strain
Isolation source
X-ray-induced mutation of stock 51
Product format
Test tube
Mission Collection Item
This is a Mission Collection Item.


ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information


ft Al ts1194 Kappa

Handling information

Instruction for complete medium
ATCC Medium 802 inoculated with Enterobacter aerogenes (ATCC®  13048)
Culture maintenance
Subculture every two months to a fresh tube of bacterized medium in the following manner:

1.   Transfer 0.5 ml from a growing culture to 5.0 ml of ATCC medium 802 bacterized with Enterobacter aerogenes (ATCC®  13048).

2.   Add 1.0 ml of ATCC medium 802 bacterized with Enterobacter aerogenes ATCC 13048 twice weekly.  When the tube is filled to within one inch of the top, aspirate from the bottom of the tube and reduce the volume to 5.0 ml.

3.   Incubate upright at 25°C with the caps on loosely.

Reagents for cryopreservation
Cryoprotective Solution

DMSO                                                                                    1.5 ml

Fresh growth medium w/o bacteria                                 7.5 ml

MgCl2 (0.5 mM)                                                                    0.5 ml

CaCl2 (0.5 mM)                                                                    0.5 ml

1.   Mix the components in the order listed.  Before adding the MgCl2 and the CaCl2 allow the solution to return to room temperature.  When the medium is added to the DMSO the solution will warm up due to chemical heat.

2.   Harvest cells from a culture that is at or near peak density by filtration and centrifugation at 200 x g for 1 min.

3. Adjust the concentration of cells to 2 x 105/ml in fresh medium.

4.  Mix the cell preparation and the cryoprotective solution in equal portions.

5.  Dispense in 0.5 ml aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 ml sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).

6.  Place vials in a controlled rate freezing unit. From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C. If freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at -1 C/min through heat of fusion. At -40°C plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen.

7.  Ampules are stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator.

8. To establish a culture from the frozen state add 1.0 ml ATCC medium 802 to the frozen ampule and place it in a 35°C water bath.  Immerse the vial  to a level just above the surface of the frozen material. Do not agitate the vial.

9.   Immediately after thawing, do not leave in water bath, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate onto the surface of an ATCC medium 919 (non-nutrient agar) plate containing an overlay of 15.0 ml of bacterized ATCC medium 802.

10. Incubate at 25°C.

11. Once the culture is established, transfer 0.5 ml to 5.0 ml of bacterized ATCC medium 802.

12. Follow the protocol for maintenance of culture.


Deposited as
Paramecium tetraurelia Sonneborn
JR Preer
Chain of custody
ATCC <-- JR Preer <-- T.M. Sonneborn <-- R. Kimball <-- S. Igarashi
Year of origin

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Handbook of genetics. vol. 2New York: Plenum Press; 1975.

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