Monosiga brevicollis Ruinen (ATCC® 50154)

Strain Designations: ATCC:07:86:1  /  Depositor: EB Small, TA Nerad  /  Biosafety Level: 1

Permits and Restrictions

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Strain Designations ATCC:07:86:1
Biosafety Level 1

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Isolation Seawater, Church Cave, Bermuda, 1986
Product Format frozen
Storage Conditions Frozen Cultures:
-70°C for 1 week; liquid N2 vapor for long term storage

Freeze-dried Cultures:

Live Cultures:
See Protocols section for handling information
Type Strain no
Phylogeny based on SSU rRNA sequence
Phylogenetic analyses of SSU rRNA, LSU rRNA, tubA, and hsp-90
Sterol biosynthesis genes
Medium ATCC® Medium 1525: Seawater 802 medium
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 25°C
Culture System: Xenic
Cryopreservation Reagents
Cryoprotective Solution
DMSO: 2.0 mL
Fresh growth medium w/o bacteria: 8.0 mL

Harvest and Preservation
  1. Mix the components in the order listed. When the medium is added to the DMSO the solution will warm up due to chemical heat.
  2. Harvest cells from a culture that is at or near peak density by filtration and centrifugation at 800 x g for 5 min.
  3. Adjust the concentration of cells at least 2 x 106/mL in fresh medium.
  4. Mix the cell preparation and the cryoprotective solution in equal portions.
  5. Dispense in 0.5 mL aliquots into 1.0 mL to  2.0 mL sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).
  6. Place vials in a controlled rate freezing unit. From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C. If freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at -1 C/min through heat of fusion. At -40°C plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen. Alternatively, place the vials in a Nalgene 1°C freezing apparatus.  Place the apparatus at -80°C for 1.5 to 2 hours and then plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen.  (The cooling rate in this apparatus is approximately -1°C/min.)  
  7. Ampules are stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator.
  8. To establish a culture from the frozen state place the vial in a 35°C water bath.  Immerse the vial to a level just above the surface of the frozen material. Do not agitate the vial. Immediately after thawing, do not leave in water bath, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate into a T-25 tissue culture flask containing 10 mL ATCC medium 1525 bacterized with Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae (ATCC® 700831) or Enterobacter aerogenes (ATCC® 13048).
  9. Incubate at 25°C with the cap screwed on tightly.
  10. Once the culture is established, vigorously agitate the flask and aseptically transfer 0.5 mL to 10.0 mL of bacterized ATCC medium 1525.
  11. Follow the protocol for maintenance of culture.
Name of Depositor EB Small, TA Nerad
Year of Origin 1986

Carr M, et al. Molecular phylogeny of choanoflagellates, the sister group to Metazoa. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 105: 16641-16646, 2008. PubMed: 18922774

Collins AG. Evaluating multiple alternative hypotheses for the origin of Bilateria: An analysis of 18S rRNA molecular evidence. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95: 15458-15463, 1998. PubMed: 9860990

Lang BF, et al. The closest unicellular relatives of animals. Curr. Biol. 12: 1773-1778, 2002. PubMed: 12401173

King N, Carroll SB. A receptor tyrosine kinase from choanoflagellates: molecular insights into early animal evolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 15032-15037, 2001. PubMed: 11752452

Kodner RB, et al. Sterols in a unicellular relative of the metazoans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 105: 9897-9902, 2008. PubMed: 18632573

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK27412 actin [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK27411 beta-tubulin [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK27410 alpha-tubulin [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK27414 elongation factor 2 [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AY026072 Monosiga brevicollis actin mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AY026071 Monosiga brevicollis beta-tubulin mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AY026070 Monosiga brevicollis alpha-tubulin mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAL33602 receptor tyrosine kinase MBRTK1 [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAG10297 small subunit ribosomal protein 3 [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK27413 elongation factor 1 alpha long form [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK27415 elongation factor 1 alpha short form [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AY026074 Monosiga brevicollis elongation factor 2 mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF440359 Monosiga brevicollis receptor tyrosine kinase MBRTK1 mRNA, partial cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AAK00311 DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II largest subunit RPB1 [Monosiga brevicollis].

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF440360 Monosiga brevicollis receptor tyrosine kinase MBRTK1-like protein gene, partial sequence.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF315821 Monosiga brevicollis DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II largest subunit RPB1 (RPB1) gene, partial cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AY026073 Monosiga brevicollis elongation factor 1 alpha long form mRNA, complete cds, alternatively spliced.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AY026075 Monosiga brevicollis elongation factor 1 alpha short form mRNA, partial cds, alternatively spliced.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : AF275274 Monosiga brevicollis small subunit ribosomal protein 3 (rps3) gene, partial cds; mitochondrial gene for mitochondrial product.

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation