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Euglena gracilis var. bacillaris Pringsheim


Product category
Product type
Excavata, Euglenozoa, Euglenoidea, Euglenea
Strain designation
Type strain
Product format
Test tube
Storage conditions
See handling procedure
Mission Collection Item
This is a Mission Collection Item.


ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information

Handling information

Instruction for complete medium
Media: ATCC Medium 351. Addition of 0.1% sodium acetate to ATCC Medium 351 may improve growth of some mutant strains of Euglena sp.

Alternate Media: ATCC Medium 1909
Culture system
Handling procedure
Handling of Live Culture
This strain is routinely shipped as a growing culture in a glass 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube. The volume of the cell suspension is approximately 5 mL. When the culture arrives remove it promptly from the shipping container. Do not store the culture at refrigeration temperatures before handling. To assure viability, immediately loosen the test tube cap and incubate upright at 25°C for at least one hour before observing the culture. There should be numerous active trophozoites in suspension. If the numbers are low the culture may have been exposed to temperature extremes in transit. Regardless of the state of the culture, aseptically transfer a 0.5 mL aliquot to a 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube containing 5 mL of sterile ATCC medium 351. Incubate the parent and daughter cultures upright with the caps on loosely at 25°C.
Culture maintenance
  1. Inoculate a tube of fresh broth medium with 0. 2 mL from a growing culture at or near peak density.
  2. Incubate on a horizontal slant at 50-100 µEinsteins/m2/s irradiance at 25°C with the cap loosened one half turn. Maintain under a 14/10 h light-dark photoperiod.
  1. Harvest cells from a culture which is at or near peak density by centrifuging at 100 x g for 1 minute. Note: Centrifugation at the lowest speed and for the shortest time to allow sedimentation of the cells will maximize recovery.
  2. Adjust the concentration of cells to 4 x 106/mL with fresh broth medium.
  3. Transfer the concentrated cell suspension to a sterile Petri dish and allow the cells to remain undisturbed for at least one hour.
  4. Transfer the cell suspension (note the volume) from the Petri plate to a 15 mL plastic centrifuge tube.
  5. Add an equal volume of 6% (v/v) sterile methanol solution that has been prepared in fresh ATCC medium 351 broth. Mix gently but thoroughly.
  6. Dispense in 0.5 mL aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 mL sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation). The time from mixing of the cell preparation and the methanol solution to the start of the cooling cycle should be no greater than 15 min.
  7. Place vials in a controlled rate freezing unit. From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C. If freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at -1°C/min through heat of fusion. At -40°C plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen. Alternatively, place the vials in a Nalgene 1°C freezing apparatus. Place the apparatus at -80°C for 1.5 to 2 hours and then plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen. (The cooling rate in this apparatus is approximately -1°C/min.)
  8. The frozen preparations should be stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator. Frozen preparations stored below -130°C are stabile indefinitely. Those stored at temperatures above -130°C are progressively less stabile as the storage temperature is elevated. Vials can be stored between -80°C and -70°C for no longer than one week.
  9. To establish a culture from the frozen state, aseptically add 0.5 mL fresh ATCC medium 351 broth to the frozen pellet, then place the ampule in a 35°C water bath until thawed (2-3 min). Immerse the ampule just sufficiently to cover the frozen material. Do not agitate the ampule.
  10. Immediately after thawing, aseptically transfer the entire contents to a single 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube containing 5 mL of ATCC medium 351 broth. Incubate the tube upright for one hour at 25°C.
  11. Gently remove as much supernatant as possible (the methanol cryoprotectant can inhibit growth) and refill with an equal volume of fresh broth medium.
  12. Incubate on a horizontal slant at 50-100 µEinsteins/m2/s irradiance at 25°C with the cap loosened one half turn. Maintain under a 14/10 h light-dark photoperiod. Note: Some strains may grow poorly or not at all when recovered from the frozen state directly into 5 mL of broth medium in a test tube. In such cases recovery may be improved by instead using a plate or flask containing a bed of ATCC medium 351 agar and gently increasing the volume of liquid medium incrementally by 1.0 mL every 10 min to a total of 8 mL. The plate or flask should be kept at a slight angle from the horizontal plane to pool the fluid to one side. Once motile cells are observed, they may be aseptically transferred to a single 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube containing 5 mL of ATCC medium 351 broth and incubated as indicated above.


Deposited as
Euglena gracilis var. bacillaris Pringsheim
JA Schiff

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

Cunningham FX Jr., Schiff J Jr.. Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes from the Euglena gracilis and Mutants Deficient in Chlorophyll b. Plant Physiol. 80: 231-238, 1986.

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