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Colwellia psychrerythraea (D'Aoust and Kushner) Deming et al.


Product category
Product type
Strain designation
NRC 1004
Type strain
Isolation source
Flounder eggs
Product format
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ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Detailed product information


Specific applications
Produces prodigiosin


Extremophile type
Cell structure during lysis
Obligate psychrophile, cultures (test tube and freeze-dried) die rapidly at temperatures above 20C

Handling information

Handling procedure
1.       Pre‑chill all media by placing at 4oC for 30 minutes.

2.       Thaw vial according to enclosed instructions.

3.       IMMEDIATELY place contents of the thawed vial into a single tube of chilled #2 broth (5 to 6 ml).

4.       Use approximately 0.2 ml of the suspension to inoculate a slant.

5.       Incubate the tubes at 10oC for 5 to 7 days.  Periodically tilt the slant to allow the pooled broth at the bottom of the slope to run over the surface of the agar.

6.       After growth has been achieved, additional transfers may be made or cells prepared for storage.  This strain will die off rapidly once the stationary phase is reached, even at refrigerator temperatures.  To avoid frequent transfers, freeze cells with a suitable cryoprotectant.

Handling notes
This strain is TEMPERATURE SENSITIVE.  You MUST use chilled media for rehydration or the cells may be damaged.  Place tubes at the proper temperature immediately.  Avoid temperatures of 20oC or above.

          This strain has two colony types, one red and the other nonpigmented.  All growth is initially nonpigmented, but the red pigment typical of this species develops within 24 to 48 hours.  However, a small portion of the population will remain nonpigmented, and this characteristic remains stable.

          Additional information on this culture is available on the ATCC web site at


Deposited as
Vibrio psychroerythrus D'Aoust and Kushner
JY DAoust
Chain of custody
ATCC <-- JY DAoust <-- D. Kushner <-- P. Hagen <-- K. Eimhjellen
Type of isolate
Cross references
GenBank X02260 Vibrio psychroerythus (ATCC 27364) 5S rRNA.

Legal disclaimers

Intended use
This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.

The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.


This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at

Permits & Restrictions

Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.


Frequently Asked Questions


Curated Citations

D'Aoust JY, Gerber NN. Isolation and purification of prodigiosin from Vibrio psychroerythrus. J. Bacteriol. 118: 756-757, 1974. PubMed: 4597458

Validation list no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 38: 328-329, 1988.

D'Aoust JY, Kushner DJ. Structural changes during lysis of a psychorophilic marine bacterium. J. Bacteriol. 108: 916-927, 1971. PubMed: 4108473

D'Aoust JY, Kushner DJ. Vibrio psychroerythrus sp. n.: classification of the psychrophilic marine bacterium, NRC 1004. J. Bacteriol. 111: 340-342, 1972. PubMed: 5053463

Deming JW, et al. Isolation of an obligately barophilic bacterium and description of a new genus, Colwellia gen.nov.. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 10: 152-160, 1988.

View All Curated Citations for this Product

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