The Generation of an EML4-ALK Fusion NSCLC Isogenic Cell Line Relevant for Drug Discovery and Development

2/23/2016 — 2/25/2016

Poster presented at the 2nd Annual CRISPR Precision Gene Editing Congress


Abstract: Recent studies show that tumor cells derived from a subset of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbor the echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4)-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion oncogene; the result of a Paracentric chromosomal inversion on the short arm of chromosome 2. The EML4-ALK oncogene, like other ALK fusion oncogenes, is a druggable target that is responsive to ALK inhibitors. However, there is a lack of EML4-ALK in vitro models for drug screening. Here we set out to generate an isogenic EML4-ALK fusion non-small cell lung cancer model in the A549 lung cancer cell line, which harbors other naturally occurring genomic aberrations inherent in non-small cell lung cancer. This model could serve as a clinically relevant drug screening cell model. In this study, we utilized the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing platform to target endogenous loci in human cells and create the intended genomic translocation event. By employing sgRNAs-Cas9 constructs designed to cut precisely at relevant translocation breakpoints, we induced cancer-relevant genomic rearrangements that resulted in the expression of EML4–ALK fusions. Breakpoint junction analysis tested after sgRNA-CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genomic DNA cleavage in A549 cells showed the successful creation of the EML4-ALK fusion found in tumor cells from a subpopulation of NSCLC patients. Furthermore, single clonal isolation and functional screening demonstrated that the EML4-ALK isogenic cell line was sensitive to ALK inhibitors relative to the parental A549 cell line. This newly developed EML4-ALK isogenic lung cancer cell line could provide a very useful tool for oncology drug discovery and development.