NTERA-2 cl.D1 [NT2/D1] (ATCC® CRL-1973)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Tissue: testis; derived from metastatic site: lung  /  Disease: malignant pluripotent embryonal carcinoma

Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue testis; derived from metastatic site: lung
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial-like,differentiation changes phenotype
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease malignant pluripotent embryonal carcinoma
Age 22 years
Gender male
Ethnicity Caucasian
Applications
This cell line is a suitable transfection host.
Karyotype This is a hypotriploid human cell line with the modal chromosome number of 63 in 48% of cells examined. However, cells with 62 chromosome counts also occurred at a rather high frequency (24%). The rate of polyploidy was 1.6%., About 12 marker chromosomes are constantly found in most cells. They include: der(9)t(1;9)(q25;q34.3); del(1)(q25); der(13)t(11;13)(q13;q34); t(Xq1q); and eight others., At least two markers are found only in some cells. The normal Y chromosome was found in all cells. Only single copies of normal chromosomes 1, 10, 11 and 13 were present. Others were mostly in two or three copies per cell.
Derivation
The parental NTERA-2 lines was established in 1980 from a nude mouse xenograft of the Tera-2 cell line (see ATCC HTB-106).
The NTERA-2 cl.D1 cell line is a pluripotent human testicular embryonal carcinoma cell line derived by cloning the NTERA-2 cell line.
Clinical Data
22 years
Caucasian
male
Virus Resistance
UNTREATED CELLS: human cytomegalovirus (HCMV); human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1, HTLV-III)
Comments

This clone differentiates along neuroectodermal lineages after exposure to retinoic acid (RA) or hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA).

The RA induced differentiation is characterized by glycolipid changes, appearance of neurons, and induction of homeobox (HOX) gene clusters.

The cells exhibit high expression of N-myc oncogene activity.

To induce differentiation, the cells should be trypsinized and seeded at a density 1 X 10 exp6 cells per 75 sq. cm. in medium containing 0.01 mM trans-retinoic acid.

Stock solutions of trans-retinoic acid (10 mM, dissolved in DMSO) should be stored frozen (preferably under a nitrogen atmosphere).
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium, Catalog No. 30-2002. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing
Subcultures are prepared by scraping. Cells from confluent cultures (approximately 20 million cells per 75 cm2) are dislodged from the flask surface, aspirated and dispensed into new flasks. Cultures should be maintained at high density. Seed new flasks at a density of at least 5 X 106 viable cells per 75 cm2 flask.
Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days

Cryopreservation
culture medium 95%; DMSO, 5%
Culture Conditions
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X,Y
CSF1PO: 10,12
D13S317: 13
D16S539: 11,12,13
D5S818: 9,12
D7S820: 10,12
THO1: 9.3
TPOX: 8
vWA: 18,19
Name of Depositor PW Andrews
Year of Origin 1980
References

Andrews PW. Human teratocarcinomas. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 948: 17-36, 1988. PubMed: 3293662

Mavilio F, et al. Activation of four homeobox gene clusters in human embryonal carcinoma cells induced to differentiate by retinoic acid. Differentiation 37: 73-79, 1988. PubMed: 2898410

Fenderson BA, et al. Glycolipid core structure switching from globo- to lacto- and ganglio- series during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of TERA-2-derived human embryonal carcinoma cells. Dev. Biol. 122: 21-34, 1987. PubMed: 3297853

Andrews PW, et al. Pluripotent embryonal carcinoma clones derived from the human teratocarcinoma cell line Tera-2. Differentiation in vivo and in vitro. Lab. Invest. 50: 147-162, 1984. PubMed: 6694356

Andrews PW, et al. Different patterns of glycolipid antigens are expressed following differentiation of TERA-2 human embryonal carcinoma cells induced by retinoic acid, hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) or bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR). Differentiation 43: 131-138, 1990. PubMed: 2373286

Gonczol E, et al. Cytomegalovirus replicates in differentiated but not in undifferentiated human embryonal carcinoma cells. Science 224: 159-161, 1984. PubMed: 6322309

Andrews PW. Retinoic acid induces neuronal differentiation of a cloned human embryonal carcinoma cell line in vitro. Dev. Biol. 103: 285-293, 1984. PubMed: 6144603

Hirka G, et al. Differentiation of human embryonal carcinoma cells induces human immunodeficiency virus permissiveness which is stimulated by human cytomegalovirus coinfection. J. Virol. 65: 2732-2735, 1991. PubMed: 1850047

Dewji NN, Singer SJ. Cell surface expression of the Alzheimer disease-related presenilin proteins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94: 9926-9931, 1997. PubMed: 9275228

Baldassarre G, et al. Transfection with a CRIPTO anti-sense plasmid suppresses endogenous CRIPTO expression and inhibits transformation in a human embryonal carcinoma cell line. Int. J. Cancer 66: 538-543, 1996. PubMed: 8635871

Basic Documentation
References

Andrews PW. Human teratocarcinomas. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 948: 17-36, 1988. PubMed: 3293662

Mavilio F, et al. Activation of four homeobox gene clusters in human embryonal carcinoma cells induced to differentiate by retinoic acid. Differentiation 37: 73-79, 1988. PubMed: 2898410

Fenderson BA, et al. Glycolipid core structure switching from globo- to lacto- and ganglio- series during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of TERA-2-derived human embryonal carcinoma cells. Dev. Biol. 122: 21-34, 1987. PubMed: 3297853

Andrews PW, et al. Pluripotent embryonal carcinoma clones derived from the human teratocarcinoma cell line Tera-2. Differentiation in vivo and in vitro. Lab. Invest. 50: 147-162, 1984. PubMed: 6694356

Andrews PW, et al. Different patterns of glycolipid antigens are expressed following differentiation of TERA-2 human embryonal carcinoma cells induced by retinoic acid, hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) or bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR). Differentiation 43: 131-138, 1990. PubMed: 2373286

Gonczol E, et al. Cytomegalovirus replicates in differentiated but not in undifferentiated human embryonal carcinoma cells. Science 224: 159-161, 1984. PubMed: 6322309

Andrews PW. Retinoic acid induces neuronal differentiation of a cloned human embryonal carcinoma cell line in vitro. Dev. Biol. 103: 285-293, 1984. PubMed: 6144603

Hirka G, et al. Differentiation of human embryonal carcinoma cells induces human immunodeficiency virus permissiveness which is stimulated by human cytomegalovirus coinfection. J. Virol. 65: 2732-2735, 1991. PubMed: 1850047

Dewji NN, Singer SJ. Cell surface expression of the Alzheimer disease-related presenilin proteins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94: 9926-9931, 1997. PubMed: 9275228

Baldassarre G, et al. Transfection with a CRIPTO anti-sense plasmid suppresses endogenous CRIPTO expression and inhibits transformation in a human embryonal carcinoma cell line. Int. J. Cancer 66: 538-543, 1996. PubMed: 8635871