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RWPE-1

CRL-11609

Product category
Human cells
Organism
Homo sapiens, human
Cell type
epithelial cell
Morphology
epithelial
Tissue
Prostate
Disease
Normal
Applications
3D cell culture
Infectious disease research
Sexually transmitted disease research
Product format
Frozen
Storage conditions
Vapor phase of liquid nitrogen
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Documentation

Biosafety Icon Biosafety Level 2

ATCC determines the biosafety level of a material based on our risk assessment as guided by the current edition of Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is your responsibility to understand the hazards associated with the material per your organization’s policies and procedures as well as any other applicable regulations as enforced by your local or national agencies.

Cells contain Human papillomavirus (HPV) sequences

ATCC highly recommends that appropriate personal protective equipment is always used when handling vials. For cultures that require storage in liquid nitrogen, it is important to note that some vials may leak when submersed in liquid nitrogen and will slowly fill with liquid nitrogen. Upon thawing, the conversion of the liquid nitrogen back to its gas phase may result in the vial exploding or blowing off its cap with dangerous force creating flying debris. Unless necessary, ATCC recommends that these cultures be stored in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen rather than submersed in liquid nitrogen.

Required Products

These products are vital for the proper use of this item and have been confirmed as effective in supporting functionality. If you use alternative products, the quality and effectiveness of the item may be affected.

Detailed product information

Characteristics

Growth properties
Adherent
Derivation
Epithelial cells derived from the peripheral zone of a histologically normal adult human prostate were transfected with a single copy of the human papilloma virus 18 (HPV-18) to establish the RWPE-1 (ATCC CRL-11609) cell line. RefBello D, et al. Androgen responsive adult human prostatic epithelial cell lines immortalized by human papillomavirus 18. Carcinogenesis 18: 1215-1223, 1997. PubMed: 9214605
Age
54 years
Ethnicity
White
Gender
Male
Karyotype
At passage 32, a majority of the cells were in the diploid range (45-51) with two main populations: 45, X,-Y and 51, XY.
Tumorigenic
No;
No, in nude mice (with or without Matrigel)
No, in soft agar
Antigen expression
Kallikrein 3, KLK3 (prostate-specific antigen, PSA); Homo sapiens, expressed (upon exposure to androgen)
Genes expressed
cytokeratin 8; cytokeratin 18; p53+; pRB+
Expression markers
Androgen receptor, expressed
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 2
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 1-2
Me-2, 0
PGM1, 2
PGM3, 1
Comments

In 3-dimensional Matrigel culture, RWPE-1 cells organize into acini and secrete PSA into the lumen when exposed to androgen. RefBello-DeOcampo D, et al. Laminin-1 and alpha6beta1 integrin regulate acinar morphogenesis of normal and malignant human prostate epithelial cells. Prostate 46: 142-153, 2001. PubMed: 11170142

When injected with Matrigel or with stromal cells, into male athymic rodents, RWPE-1 cells also organize into acini RefWebber MM, et al. Human cell lines as an in vitro/in vivo model for prostate carcinogenesis and progression. Prostate 47: 1-13, 2001. PubMed: 11304724 and produce PSA. 

Cells from the RWPE-1 cell line were further transformed by Ki-ras using the Kirstin murine sarcoma virus (Ki-MuSV) to establish the tumorigenic RWPE-2 cell line (ATCC CRL-11610) RefBello D, et al. Androgen responsive adult human prostatic epithelial cell lines immortalized by human papillomavirus 18. Carcinogenesis 18: 1215-1223, 1997. PubMed: 9214605 and the RWPE2-W99 (ATCC CRL-2853) cell line. 

Further, a family of tumorigenic cell lines, that mimics multiple steps in prostate cancer progression, was also derived from RWPE-1 cells by exposure to N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). See the WPE1-NA22 (ATCC CRL-2849), WPE1-NB14 (ATCC CRL-2850, WPE1-NB11 (ATCC CRL-2851) and WPE1-NB26 (ATCC CRL-2852) cell lines.

The depositor reports that the RWPE-1 cell line (ATCC CRL-11609) was screened, and found negative for, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus and Human immunodeficiency virus.

ATCC confirmed this cell line is positive for the presence of HPV viral DNA sequences via PCR.

Technical information
ATCC Technical Services does not have technical information on patent deposits that are not produced or characterized by ATCC. Additional information can be found in the corresponding patent available from the patent holder or with the U.S. and/or international patent office.

Handling information

Unpacking and storage instructions
  1. Check all containers for leakage or breakage.
  2. Remove the frozen cells from the dry ice packaging and immediately place the cells at a temperature below ­-130°C, preferably in liquid nitrogen vapor, until ready for use.
Complete medium
The base medium for this cell line is provided by Invitrogen (GIBCO) as part of a kit: Keratinocyte Serum Free Medium (K-SFM), Kit Catalog Number 17005-042. This kit is supplied with each of the two additives required to grow this cell line (bovine pituitary extract (BPE) and human recombinant epidermal growth factor (EGF). To make the complete growth medium, you will need to add the following components to the base medium:
  • 0.05 mg/ml BPE - provided with the K-SFM kit
  • 5 ng/ml EGF - provided with the K-SFM kit. NOTE: Do not filter complete medium.
  • Temperature
    37°C
    Atmosphere
    95% Air, 5% CO2
    Handling procedure

    To insure the highest level of viability, thaw the vial and initiate the culture as soon as possible upon receipt. If upon arrival, continued storage of the frozen culture is necessary, it should be stored in liquid nitrogen vapor phase and not at -70°C.  Storage at -70°C will result in loss of viability.

    1. Thaw the vial by gentle agitation in a 37°C water bath. To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep the O-ring and cap out of the water.  Thawing should be rapid (approximately 2 minutes).
    2. Remove the vial from the water bath as soon as the contents are thawed, and decontaminate by dipping in or spraying with 70% ethanol. All of the operations from this point on should be carried out under strict aseptic conditions.
    3. It is recommended that the cryoprotective agent be removed immediately.  Centrifuge the cell suspension at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 10 minutes.  Discard the supernatant and resuspend the cell pellet in an appropriate amount of fresh growth medium.
    4. Transfer the cells to an appropriate size vessel.  It is important to avoid excessive alkalinity of the medium during recovery of the cells.  It is suggested that, prior to the addition of the vial contents, the culture vessel containing the growth medium be placed into the incubator for at least 15 minutes to allow the medium to reach its normal pH (7.0 to 7.6).
    5. Incubate the culture at 37°C in a suitable incubator.  A 5% CO2 in air atmosphere is recommended if using the medium described on this product sheet.
    Subculturing procedure
    Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes.
    1. Remove and discard culture medium.
    2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with Ca++/Mg++ free Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline (D-PBS).
    3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL (to a T-25 flask) or 3.0 to 4.0 mL (to a T-75 flask) of 0.05% Trypsin - 0.53mM EDTA solution, diluted 1:1 with D-PBS, and place flask in a 37°C incubator for 5 to 8 minutes. Observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 10 minutes).
      Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach.
    4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of 0.1% Soybean Trypsin Inhibitor (ATCC® 30-2014™) or 2% fetal bovine serum in D-PBS, as appropriate, and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
    5. Transfer cell suspension to centrifuge tube and spin at approximately 125 x g for 5 to 7 minutes.
    6. Discard supernatant and resuspend cells in fresh serum-free growth medium. Add appropriate aliquots of cell suspension to new culture vessels. An inoculum of 2 X 104 to 4 X 104 viable cells/cm2 is recommended.
    7. Incubate cultures at 37°C. We recommend that you maintain cultures at a cell concentration between 4 X 104 and 7 X 10cells/cm2.
    Cells grown under serum-free or reduced serum conditions may not attach strongly during the 24 hours after subculture and should be disturbed as little as possible during that period.
    Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:5 is recommended
    Medium Renewal: Every 2 days
    Reagents for cryopreservation
    Complete growth medium supplemented with 10% (v/v) DMSO and 7% FBS. Lots produced prior to May 2019 may have used a different cryopreservation medium (complete growth medium supplemented with 10% (v/v) DMSO and 15% FBS), contact Technical Support for further details.

    Quality control specifications

    Mycoplasma contamination
    Not detected
    Virus testing
    Human papillomavirus (HPV): Detected
    STR profiling
    Amelogenin: X,Y
    CSF1PO: 13
    D13S317: 8,14
    D16S539: 9,11
    D5S818: 12,15
    D7S820: 10,11
    THO1: 8,9.3
    TPOX: 8,11
    vWA: 14,18

    History

    Deposited as
    human
    Depositors
    Michigan State University, National Cancer Institute
    Patent depository
    This material was deposited with the ATCC Patent Depository to fulfill U.S. or international patent requirements. This material may not have been produced or characterized by ATCC.  As an International Depository Authority (IDA) for patent deposits, ATCC is required to complete viability testing only at time of initial deposit of patent material. Patent deposits are made available on behalf of the Depositor when the pertinent U.S. or international patent is issued, but material may not be used to infringe the patent claims.
    Patent number
    5,824,488

    Legal disclaimers

    Intended use
    This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use.
    Warranty

    The product is provided 'AS IS' and the viability of ATCC® products is warranted for 30 days from the date of shipment, provided that the customer has stored and handled the product according to the information included on the product information sheet, website, and Certificate of Analysis. For living cultures, ATCC lists the media formulation and reagents that have been found to be effective for the product. While other unspecified media and reagents may also produce satisfactory results, a change in the ATCC and/or depositor-recommended protocols may affect the recovery, growth, and/or function of the product. If an alternative medium formulation or reagent is used, the ATCC warranty for viability is no longer valid.  Except as expressly set forth herein, no other warranties of any kind are provided, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, manufacture according to cGMP standards, typicality, safety, accuracy, and/or noninfringement.

    Disclaimers

    This product is intended for laboratory research use only. It is not intended for any animal or human therapeutic use, any human or animal consumption, or any diagnostic use. Any proposed commercial use is prohibited without a license from ATCC.

    While ATCC uses reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information on this product sheet, ATCC makes no warranties or representations as to its accuracy. Citations from scientific literature and patents are provided for informational purposes only. ATCC does not warrant that such information has been confirmed to be accurate or complete and the customer bears the sole responsibility of confirming the accuracy and completeness of any such information.

    This product is sent on the condition that the customer is responsible for and assumes all risk and responsibility in connection with the receipt, handling, storage, disposal, and use of the ATCC product including without limitation taking all appropriate safety and handling precautions to minimize health or environmental risk. As a condition of receiving the material, the customer agrees that any activity undertaken with the ATCC product and any progeny or modifications will be conducted in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and guidelines. This product is provided 'AS IS' with no representations or warranties whatsoever except as expressly set forth herein and in no event shall ATCC, its parents, subsidiaries, directors, officers, agents, employees, assigns, successors, and affiliates be liable for indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind in connection with or arising out of the customer's use of the product. While reasonable effort is made to ensure authenticity and reliability of materials on deposit, ATCC is not liable for damages arising from the misidentification or misrepresentation of such materials.

    Please see the material transfer agreement (MTA) for further details regarding the use of this product. The MTA is available at www.atcc.org.

    Disclosures
    This material is cited in a US and/or international patent and may not be used to infringe the claims. Depending on the wishes of the Depositor, ATCC may be required to inform the Depositor of the party to which the material was furnished.

    Permits & Restrictions

    Import Permit for the State of Hawaii

    If shipping to the U.S. state of Hawaii, you must provide either an import permit or documentation stating that an import permit is not required. We cannot ship this item until we receive this documentation. Contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Plant Industry Division, Plant Quarantine Branch to determine if an import permit is required.

    MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PERMITS AND RESTRICTIONS

    References

    Curated Citations

    Webber MM, Rhim JS. Immortalized and malignant human prostatic cell lines. US Patent 5,824,488 dated Oct 20 1998

    Bello D, et al. Androgen responsive adult human prostatic epithelial cell lines immortalized by human papillomavirus 18. Carcinogenesis 18: 1215-1223, 1997. PubMed: 9214605

    Webber MM, et al. Acinar differentiation by non-malignant immortalized human prostatic epithelial cells and its loss by malignant cells. Carcinogenesis 18: 1225-1231, 1997. PubMed: 9214606

    Okamoto M, et al. Interleukin-6 and epidermal growth factor promote anchorage-independent growth of immortalized human prostatic epithelial cells treated with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea. Prostate 35: 255-262, 1998. PubMed: 9609548

    Webber MM, et al. Immortalized and tumorigenic adult human prostatic epithelial cell lines: characteristics and applications. Part I. Cell markers and immortalized nontumorigenic cell lines. Prostate 29: 386-394, 1996. PubMed: 8977636

    View All Curated Citations for this Product

    Frequently Asked Questions

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