Naegleria fowleri Carter (ATCC® 30863)

Depositor: TW Holbrook  /  Biosafety Level: 2

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Biosafety Level 2

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Isolation 8-year-old human male, Charleston, SC, 1978
Product Format frozen
Storage Conditions Frozen Cultures:
-70°C for 1 week; liquid N2 vapor for long term storage

Freeze-dried Cultures:

Live Cultures:
See Protocols section for handling information
Type Strain no
Activation of the alternative complement pathway
biochemical identification
Activation of the alternative complement pathway
Acid phosphatase
Medium ATCC® Medium 1034: Modified PYNFH medium (Available from ATCC as ATCC cat. no. 327-X)
ATCC® Medium 710: Nelson's Culture Medium For Naegleria
ATCC® Medium 803: M7 medium
ATCC® Medium 902: Schuster's axenic Naegleria medium
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 35°C
Culture System: Axenic
Cryopreservation Harvest and Preservation
  1. Harvest cells from a culture that is at or near peak density by centrifugation at 600 x g for 5 min. Pool the cell pellets into a single tube.
  2. Adjust the concentration of cells to 2.0 x 106/mL.  If the concentration is too low, centrifuge at 600 x g for 5 minutes and resuspend the cell pellet with a volume of supernatant to yield the desired concentration.
  3. Prepare a 15% (v/v) sterile DMSO solution in ATCC medium 1034 as follows:  Add the required volume of DMSO to a glass screw-capped test tube and place on ice.  Allow the DMSO to solidify.  Add the required volume of refrigerated ATCC medium 1034.  Dissolve the DMSO by inverting several times.  If the DMSO solution is not prepared on ice, an exothermic reaction will occur that may precipitate certain components of the medium.
  4. Mix the cell preparation and the DMSO in equal portions. Thus, the final concentration will be 106 and 7.5% (v/v) DMSO. The time from the mixing of the cell preparation and DMSO stock solution to the start of the freezing process should be no less than 15 min and no longer than 60 min.
  5. Dispense in 0.5 mL aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 mL sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).
  6. Place vials in a controlled rate freezing unit. From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C. If freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at -1 C/min through heat of fusion. At -40°C plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen.
  7. The frozen preparations are stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator.
  8. To establish a culture from the frozen state place an ampule in a water bath set at 35°C. Immerse the vial just sufficiently to cover only the frozen material. Do not agitate the vial.
  9. Immediately after thawing, do not leave in the water bath, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate into a fresh tube or flask of ATCC medium 1034.
  10. Incubate at 35°C with the cap screwed on tightly (incubate a test tube on a 15° horizontal slant).
Name of Depositor TW Holbrook
Year of Origin 1978

Holbrook TW, et al. Activation of the alternative complement pathway by Naegleria fowleri. Infect. Immun. 30: 58-61, 1980. PubMed: 7439979

Daggett PM, Nerad TA. The biochemical identification of vahlkampfiid amoebae. J. Protozool. 30: 126-128, 1983. PubMed: 6864593

Darby CP, et al. Primary amebic meningoencephalitis. Am. J. Dis. Child. 133: 1025-1027, 1979. PubMed: 495593

Holbrook TW, Parker BW. Naegleria fowleri in chick embryos effects of embryo age and incubation temperature, and the infectivity of embryo-derived amebae for mice. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 28: 984-987, 1979. PubMed: 574367

Holbrook TW. Naegleria fowleri in the chick embryo. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 73: 460-462, 1979. PubMed: 555075

Olomu N, et al. Demonstration of various acid hydrolases and preliminary characterization of acid phosphatase in Naegleria fowleri. J. Protozool. 33: 317-321, 1986. PubMed: 3018238

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