Hypotrichomonas acosta (Moskowitz) Lee (ATCC® 30069)

Strain Designations: 3 (L3)  /  Depositor: R Samuels  /  Biosafety Level: 1

Permits and Restrictions

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Strain Designations 3 (L3)
Phylogeny based upon superoxide dismutase gene sequence analysis
Biosafety Level 1

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Drymarchon corais couper, Southern Hemisphere, 1948
Product Format frozen
Type Strain no
Phylogeny based upon superoxide dismutase gene sequence analysis
Phylogeny based on SSU rRNA sequence
Nutrition and physiological notes
Tubulin subunits and phylogeny
Medium ATCC® Medium 719: Modified TYM basal medium with pH adjusted to 7.2
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 25.0°C
Duration: axenic; anaerobic

1.  Harvest cells from a culture that is at or near peak density by centrifugation at 800 x g for 5 min. The cells grown in a medium containing agar are concentrated by centrifugation, a solid pellet does not form. The soft pellet is resuspended to desired cell concentration with agar-free supernatant.

2.  Adjust the concentration of cells to 2 x 106 - 2 x 107/ml in fresh medium.

3.  While cells are centrifuging prepare a 10% (v/v) solution of sterile DMSO in fresh medium.

a) Add 1.0 ml of DMSO to an ice cold 20 x 150 mm screw-capped test tube;

b) Place the tube on ice and allow the DMSO to solidify (~5 min) and then add 9.0 ml of ice cold medium;

c) Invert several times to dissolve the DMSO;

d) Allow to warm to room temperature.

4.  Mix the cell preparation and the DMSO in equal portions. Thus, the final concentration will be 106 - 107 cells/ml and 5% (v/v) DMSO. The time from the mixing of the cell preparation and DMSO stock solution before the freezing process is begun should no less than 15 min and no longer than 30 min.

5.  Dispense in 0.5 ml aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 ml sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).

6.   Place the vials in a controlled rate freezing unit.  From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C.  If the freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at        -1°C/min through the heat of fusion.  At -40°C plunge into liquid nitrogen. Alternatively, place the vials in a Nalgene 1°C freezing apparatus.  Place the apparatus at -80°C for 1.5 to 2 hours and then plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen.  (The cooling rate in this apparatus is approximately


7.  The frozen preparations should be stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator. Frozen preparations stored below -130°C are stabile indefinitely. Those stored at temperatures above -130°C are progressively less stabile as the storage temperature is elevated. Vials should not be stored above -55°C.

8.   To establish a culture from the frozen state place an ampule in a water bath set at 35°C. Immerse the vial just to a level just above the surface of the frozen material. Do not agitate the vial.

9.   Immediately after thawing, do not leave in the water bath, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate a 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube containing either 9 ml of ATCC medium 719 (completed with serum) or 13 ml ATCC Medium 2154.

10.          Incubate the culture at 25°C with the cap screwed on tightly (tube should be vertical for medium 719 or on a 15° horizontal slant for medium 2154).

Name of Depositor R Samuels
Chain of Custody
ATCC <<--R Samuels<<--J. Lee <<--- B.M. Honigberg
Year of Origin 1948

Lee JJ, et al. Trichomonads from poikilotherms: nutritional and physiological notes. J. Protozool. 9: 445-450, 1962.

Delgado-Viscogliosi P, et al. Electrophoretic mobility of tubulin subunits as a criterion for testing relationships between trichomonad taxa. Arch. Protistenkd. 146: 191-200, 1995.

Viscogliosi E, et al. Phylogenetic implication of iron-containing superoxide dismutase genes from trichomonad species. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 80: 209-214, 1996. PubMed: 8892298

Edgecomb V, et al. New insights into the phylogeny of trichomonads inferred from small subunit rRNA sequences. Protist 149: 359-366, 1998.

Brugerolle G, et al. Immunolocalization of two hydrogenosomal enzymes of Trichomonas vaginalis. Parasitol. Res. 86: 30-35, 2000. PubMed: 10669133

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : Z70665 H.acosta sod1 gene.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : Z70666 H.acosta sod2 gene.

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation