Tetrahymena malaccensis Simon et al. (ATCC® 50066)

Strain Designations: MP75  /  Depositor: EM Simon, E Meyer  /  Biosafety Level: 1

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Strain Designations MP75
Identification of Tetrahymena species using PCR/RFLP analysis of rDNA
Biosafety Level 1

Biosafety classification is based on U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines, it is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country.

Isolation Jungle stream near campus of University Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang Baru, Malaysia, 1980
Product Format test tube
Storage Conditions Frozen Cultures:
-70°C for 1 week; liquid N2 vapor for long term storage

Freeze-dried Cultures:

Live Cultures:
See Protocols section for handling information
Type Strain yes
Identification of Tetrahymena species using PCR/RFLP analysis of rDNA
Species description
Ribosomal RNA introns
Medium ATCC® Medium 1034: Modified PYNFH medium (Available from ATCC as ATCC cat. no. 327-X)
ATCC® Medium 357: Tetrahymena medium
ATCC® Medium 383: Haskins agar for Tetrahymena
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 18°C to 25°C
Culture System: Axenic
Cryopreservation Reagents
RM-9 Media for cryopreservation of Tetrahymena
Proteose Peptone (Difco 0120) 5.0 g
Tryptone 5.0 g
K2HPO4 0.2 g
Glucose 1.0 g
Liver extract 0.1 g
Glass distilled water 1.0 L

Dissolve components in glass distilled H2O and autoclave.

Dryl’s Salt Solution
0.1 M NaH2PO4 . 3H20 10.0 mL
0.1 M Na2HPO4 . 7H20 10.0 mL
0.1 M Sodium citrate . 2H20 15.0 mL
0.1 M CaCl2 . 2H20 15.0 mL
Distilled water 950.0 mL
Add the first 3 components to the distilled H2O and mix thoroughly. Add the CaCl2 solution and mix thoroughly. (Adding the solutions in the order indicated will avoid the precipitation of Ca salts.)

Harvest and Preservation

  1. Transfer Tetrahymena from usual growth medium to RM-9 medium and allow to grow to near peak density.
  2. Harvest cells from a culture by centrifugation at 300 x g for 2 min.          
  3. Adjust concentration of cells to 2 x 106/mL in fresh medium.
  4. While cells are centrifuging, prepare a 22% (v/v) sterile solution of sterile DMSO in fresh medium.
    1. Add 2.2 mL of DMSO to an ice cold 20 x 150 mm screw-capped test tube;
    2. Place the tube on ice and allow the DMSO to solidify (~5 min) and then add 7.8 mL of ice cold medium;
    3. Invert several times to dissolve the DMSO;
    4. Allow to warm to room temperature.
  1. Add a volume of the DMSO solution equal to the cell suspension volume but add in 3 equal aliquots at 2 min intervals.  Thus, the final concentration of the preparation will equal 11% (v/v) DMSO and 106 cells /mL.
  2. Dispense in 0.5 mL aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 mL sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).
  3. Place the ampules in a controlled rate freezing unit.  The cooling cycle should be initiated no less than 15 min and no longer than 60 min after the addition of the DMSO to the cell preparation.  From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C.  If freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at -1°C/min through heat of fusion.  At -50°C ampules are plunged into liquid nitrogen.
  4. Store in the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator.
  5. To establish a culture from the frozen state aseptically add 0.5 mL sterile Dryl's Salt Solution to an ampule.  Immediately place the ampule in a 35°C water bath until thawed (2-3 min).  Immerse the ampule just sufficiently to cover the frozen material.  Do not agitate the ampule.
  6. Immediately after thawing, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate into 5.0 mL of fresh medium in a 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube with a slightly loosened cap.  Incubate at 25°C.


Alternative Thawing Procedure

  1. Aseptically add 0.5 mL of sterile modified PYNFH medium (ATCC Medium 1034) containing 8% (w/v) sucrose to the ampule.  Immediately, place in a 35°C water bath, until thawed.  Immerse the ampule just sufficient to cover the frozen material.  Do not agitate the ampule.
  2. Immediately after thawing, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and gently add the material to the edge of a 20 x 100 mm petri plate containing ATCC Medium 919 (non-nutrient agar) and position on a 15 degree slant.  The cell suspension will pool at the edge of the plate.
  3. Continue to double the volume of the cell suspension at 10 minute intervals by adding ATCC medium 1034 containing 4% sucrose (w/v).  When the volume reaches 16.0 mL place the plate in horizontal position and incubate at 25°C. 
  4. On the following day, gently remove the cell suspension for the plate and transfer to a T-25 tissue culture flask.  Note the volume of the suspension and add a volume of fresh medium containing 4% sucrose equal to the volume of the cell suspension.  Incubate the culture at 25°C.
  5. After the culture has been established subculture into fresh medium without sucrose.
Name of Depositor EM Simon, E Meyer
Year of Origin 1980

Simon EM, et al. New wild Tetrahymena from Southeast Asia, China, and North America, including T. malaccensis, T. asiatica, T. nanneyi, T. caudata, and T. silvana n. spp.. J. Protozool. 32: 183-189, 1985. PubMed: 3989748

Jerome CA, Lynn DH. Identifying and distinguishing sibling species in the Tetrahymena pyriformis complex (Ciliophora, Oligohymenophora) using PCR/RFLP analysis of nuclear ribosomal DNA. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 43: 492-497, 1996. PubMed: 8976607

Sogin ML, et al. Phylogenetic evidence for the acquisition of ribosomal RNA introns subsequent to the divergence of some of the major Tetrahymena groups. EMBO J. 5: 3625-3630, 1986. PubMed: 3830129

Nanney DL, et al. Comparison of sequence differences in a variable 23S rRNA domain among sets of cryptic species of ciliated protozoa. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 45: 91-100, 1998. PubMed: 9495037

type strain

Brunk CF, et al. Complete sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Tetrahymena thermophila and comparative methods for identifying highly divergent genes. Nucleic Acids Res. 31: 1673-1682, 2003. PubMed: 12626709

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
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