ZR-75-1 (ATCC® CRL-1500)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Cell Type: epithelial  /  Tissue: mammary gland:breast/duct; derived from metastatic site: ascites  /  Disease: ductal carcinoma

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Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue mammary gland:breast/duct; derived from metastatic site: ascites
Cell Type epithelial
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease ductal carcinoma
Age 63 years adult
Gender female
Ethnicity Caucasian
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype This human cell line has a hypertriploid chromosome number. The modal chromosome number was 72 occurring in 26% of the cells and the rate of higher ploidies was at 1.2%. Eighteen markers were common.They are: t(1q,?), M2,M3, del(3) (p21), der(5)t(5;?) (q35;?), del(6) (q21), t(11q14q), t(11;11) (p15;q11), der(14)t(2;14) (q21;q32), t(17q,?), M13, M14, M15, M16, M17, der(8)t(8;?), t(9p,?) and 19pt. Of these M13 was paired. Normal N14 was not found. N6 was single copied, X had 3 copies and N18 had 4 copies in each cell.
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Clinical Data
63 years adult
Caucasian
female
Receptor Expression
estrogen receptor, expressed
Genes Expressed
mucin (apomucin, MUC-1, MUC-2)
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, forms tumors in nude mice
Comments
The cells produce high levels of MUC-1 mucin mRNA, low levels of MUC-2 mRNA but do not express the MUC-3 gene.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated RPMI-1640 Medium, Catalog No. 30-2001. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.


Phenol Red is a structural mimic for estrogen. Therefore the estrogenic activity of phenol red should be considered in any studies that utilize estrogen-responsive cells in culture (RefBerthois Y, et al. Phenol red in tissue culture media is a weak estrogen: implications concerning the study of estrogen-responsive cells in culture. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83: 2496–2500, 1986. PubMed: 3458212). The Phenol Red-free version of RPMI 1640, is ATCC catalog No. 30-2602.

Subculturing
Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:4 to 1:6 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 10,11
D13S317: 9
D16S539: 11
D5S818: 13
D7S820: 10,11
THO1: 7,9.3
TPOX: 8
vWA: 16,18
Isoenzymes
G6PD, B
Population Doubling Time 80 hrs
Name of Depositor LW Engel
References

Engel LW, Young NA. Human breast carcinoma cells in continuous culture: a review. Cancer Res. 38: 4327-4339, 1978. PubMed: 212193

Engel LW, et al. Establishment and characterization of three new continuous cell lines derived from human breast carcinomas. Cancer Res. 38: 3352-3364, 1978. PubMed: 688225

Dahiya R, et al. Mucin synthesis and secretion in various human epithelial cancer cell lines that express the MUC-1 mucin gene. Cancer Res. 53: 1437-1443, 1993. PubMed: 8443822

Bellet D, et al. Malignant transformation of nontrophoblastic cells is associated with the expression of chorionic gonadotropin beta genes normally transcribed in trophoblastic cells. Cancer Res. 57: 516-523, 1997. PubMed: 9012484

Couillard S, et al. Comparison of the effects of the antiestrogens EM-800 and tamoxifen on the growth of human breast ZR-75-1 cancer xenografts in nude mice. Cancer Res. 58: 60-64, 1998. PubMed: 9426058

Wang E, et al. Posttranscriptional regulation of protein expression in human epithelial carcinoma cells by adenine-uridine-rich elements in the 3'-untranslated region of tumor necrosis factor-alpha messenger RNA. Cancer Res. 57: 5426-5433, 1997. PubMed: 9393771

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764

Landers JE, et al. Translational enhancement of mdm2 oncogene expression in human tumor cells containing a stabilized wild-type p53 protein. Cancer Res. 57: 3562-3568, 1997. PubMed: 9270029

Sheng S, et al. Maspin acts at the cell membrane to inhibit invasion and motility of mammary and prostatic cancer cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11669-11674, 1996. PubMed: 8876194

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : L38933 Homo sapiens GT198 mRNA, complete ORF.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : U19769 Human CENP-F kinetochore protein mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : NM_013290 Homo sapiens GT198, complete ORF (HUMGT198A), mRNA.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : NM_005196 Homo sapiens centromere protein F (350/400kD, mitosin) (CENPF),mRNA

Nucleotide (GenBank) : U48296 Homo sapiens protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPCAAX1 (hPTPCAAX1) mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : U48297 Homo sapiens protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPCAAX2 (hPTPCAAX2) mRNA, complete cds.

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
References

Engel LW, Young NA. Human breast carcinoma cells in continuous culture: a review. Cancer Res. 38: 4327-4339, 1978. PubMed: 212193

Engel LW, et al. Establishment and characterization of three new continuous cell lines derived from human breast carcinomas. Cancer Res. 38: 3352-3364, 1978. PubMed: 688225

Dahiya R, et al. Mucin synthesis and secretion in various human epithelial cancer cell lines that express the MUC-1 mucin gene. Cancer Res. 53: 1437-1443, 1993. PubMed: 8443822

Bellet D, et al. Malignant transformation of nontrophoblastic cells is associated with the expression of chorionic gonadotropin beta genes normally transcribed in trophoblastic cells. Cancer Res. 57: 516-523, 1997. PubMed: 9012484

Couillard S, et al. Comparison of the effects of the antiestrogens EM-800 and tamoxifen on the growth of human breast ZR-75-1 cancer xenografts in nude mice. Cancer Res. 58: 60-64, 1998. PubMed: 9426058

Wang E, et al. Posttranscriptional regulation of protein expression in human epithelial carcinoma cells by adenine-uridine-rich elements in the 3'-untranslated region of tumor necrosis factor-alpha messenger RNA. Cancer Res. 57: 5426-5433, 1997. PubMed: 9393771

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764

Landers JE, et al. Translational enhancement of mdm2 oncogene expression in human tumor cells containing a stabilized wild-type p53 protein. Cancer Res. 57: 3562-3568, 1997. PubMed: 9270029

Sheng S, et al. Maspin acts at the cell membrane to inhibit invasion and motility of mammary and prostatic cancer cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11669-11674, 1996. PubMed: 8876194