Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle and Manceaux) Nicolle and Manceaux (ATCC® 50839)

Strain Designations: 2F [RH-2F]  /  Depositor: LD Sibley  /  Biosafety Level: 2

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Deposited As Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle and Manceaux) Nicolle and Manceaux
Strain Designations 2F [RH-2F]
Application
Food and waterborne pathogen research
Opportunistic pathogen research
Biosafety Level 2
Isolation Cloned from RH-88, ATCC® 50838™
Product Format frozen
Storage Conditions Frozen Cultures:
-70°C for 1 week; liquid N2 vapor for long term storage

Freeze-dried Cultures:
2-8°C

Live Cultures:
See Protocols section for handling information
Type Strain no
Genotype Haplogroup 1
Comments Clonal lineage
Contains the ß-galactosidase gene under the control of the GRA1 promoter
Mycoplasma-free based on PCR-based testing conducted at ATCC.
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 35°C to 37°C
Cell Line: ATCC® CRL-1634™ (human foreskin fibroblasts) (Contact ATCC Sales to order)
Cryopreservation Harvest and Preservation
  1. To harvest the Toxoplasma culture, detach any remaining tissue culture cells (infected and uninfected) by scraping the surface of the flask with a cell scraper.
  2. Transfer the cell suspension (including parasites) to 15 mL plastic centrifuge tubes. Centrifuge at 1300 x g for 10 min.
  3. Remove all but 0.5 mL of the supernatant from each tube, resuspend the cell pellets, and pool them to a single tube.
  4. Pass the resulting cell suspension through a syringe equipped with a 27 gauge 1/2 in needle to break up any remaining cells. Adjust the parasite concentration to 2.0 - 4.0 x 107 cells/mL with fresh medium or PBS. NOTE: If the concentration of parasites is too low, centrifuge at 1300 x g for 10 min and resuspend in the volume of fresh medium or PBS required to yield the desired concentration.
  5. Prepare a cryoprotective solution containing 15% (v/v) DMSO and 50% (v/v) HIFBS in fresh medium or PBS.
  6. Mix the cell preparation and cryoprotective solution in equal portions. The final concentration will be 1.0 - 2.0 x 107 cells/mL, 7.5% DMSO, and 25% HIFBS. The time from the mixing of the cell preparation and cryoprotective solution to the start of the freezing process should be no less than 15 min. and no more than 30 min. NOTE: To prevent culture contamination, penicillin-streptomycin solution (ATCC® 30-2300) may be added to a final concentration of 50 to 100 I.U./mL penicillin and 50 to 100 µg/mL streptomycin.
  7. Dispense in 0.5 mL aliquots to 1.0-2.0 mL sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).
  8. Place vials in a controlled rate freezing unit. From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C. If freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at -1°C/min through heat of fusion. At -40°C plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen. Alternatively, place the vials in a Nalgene 1°C freezing apparatus. Place the apparatus at -80°C for 1.5 to 2 hours and then plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen. (The cooling rate in this apparatus is approximately -1°C/min.)
  9. Store frozen ampules in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator.
  10. To thaw a frozen ampule, place it in a 35°C water bath such that the lip of the ampule remains above the water line. Thawing time is approximately 2 to 3 minutes.  Do not agitate the ampule.  Do not leave ampule in water bath after thawed.
  11. Immediately after thawing, aseptically transfer contents to a T-25 tissue culture flask containing a fresh monolayer of ATCC® CRL-1634™ cells and 10 mL ATCC® 30-2002 with 3% (v/v) HIFBS.
  12. Outgas the flask for 10 seconds with a 95% air, 5% CO2 gas mixture.
  13. Incubate in a 35-37°C CO2 incubator with the cap screwed on tightly.
Name of Depositor LD Sibley
Special Collection NCRR Contract
References

Barragan A, Sibley LD. Transepithelial migration of Toxoplasma gondii is linked to parasite motility and virulence. J. Exp. Med. 195: 1625-1633, 2002. PubMed: 12070289

Carruthers VB, et al. The Toxoplasma adhesive protein MIC2 is proteolytically processed at multiple sites by two parasite-derived proteases. J. Biol. Chem. 275: 14346-14353, 2000. PubMed: 10799515

Carruthers VB, et al. Toxoplasma gondii uses sulfated proteoglycans for substrate and host cell attachment. Infect. Immun. 68: 4005-4011, 2000. PubMed: 10858215

. Identification of small-molecule inhibitors of nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase in Toxoplasma gondii. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 46: 2393-2399, 2002. PubMed: 12121910

L D Sibley, personal communication

. Toxoplasma gondii microneme secretion involves intracellular Ca(2+) release from inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3))/ryanodine-sensitive stores. J. Biol. Chem. 277: 25870-25876, 2002. PubMed: 12011085

Wetzel DM, et al. Actin filament polymerization regulates gliding motility by apicomplexan parasites. Mol. Biol. Cell 14: 396-406, 2003. PubMed: 12589042

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation