Zabner J, et al. Development of cystic fibrosis and noncystic fibrosis airway cell lines . Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 284: L844-L854, 2003. PubMed: 12676769
Halbert CL, et al. The E7 gene of human papillomavirus type 16 is sufficient for immortalization of human epithelial cells. J. Virol. 65: 473-478, 1991. PubMed: 1845902
Bodnar AG, et al. Extension of life-span by introduction of telomerase into normal human cells. Science 279: 349-352, 1998. PubMed: 9454332
Kiyono T, et al. Both Rb/p161NK4a inactivation and telomerase activity are required to immortalize human epithelial cells. Nature 396: 84-88, 1998. PubMed: 9817205
Freshney RI. Culture of Animal Cells: A Manual of Basic Technique, 5th edition. New York: Wiley Liss; 2005. For more information on enzymatic dissociation and subculturing of cell lines see Chapter 13.