Trichomonas vaginalis Donne (ATCC® 50143)

Strain Designations: CDC 085  /  Depositor: M Muller  /  Biosafety Level: 2

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Strain Designations CDC 085
Application
Sexually Transmitted Disease Research
Biosafety Level 2
Isolation
human, Columbus, OH, 1980
Product Format frozen
Type Strain no
Antibiotic Resistance
metronidazole-resistant
Comments
metronidazole-resistant
Antioxidant defences
phospholipid metabolism
Medium Medium 2154: LYI Entamoeba medium
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 35.0°C
Duration: axenic; anaerobic
Protocol: at pH 6.0
Subcultivation
Protocol: at pH 6.0
Cryopreservation

1.  Harvest cells from a culture that is at or near peak density by centrifugation at 800 x g for 5 min. The cells grown in a medium containing agar are concentrated by centrifugation, a solid pellet does not form. The soft pellet is resuspended to desired cell concentration with agar-free supernatant.

2.  Adjust the concentration of cells to 2 x 106 - 2 x 107/ml in fresh medium.

3.  While cells are centrifuging prepare a 10% (v/v) solution of sterile DMSO in fresh medium.

a) Add 1.0 ml of DMSO to an ice cold 20 x 150 mm screw-capped test tube;

b) Place the tube on ice and allow the DMSO to solidify (~5 min) and then add 9.0 ml of ice cold medium;

c) Invert several times to dissolve the DMSO;

d) Allow to warm to room temperature.

4.  Mix the cell preparation and the DMSO in equal portions. Thus, the final concentration will be 106 - 107 cells/ml and 5% (v/v) DMSO. The time from the mixing of the cell preparation and DMSO stock solution before the freezing process is begun should no less than 15 min and no longer than 30 min.

5.  Dispense in 0.5 ml aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 ml sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).

6.   Place the vials in a controlled rate freezing unit.  From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C.  If the freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at        -1°C/min through the heat of fusion.  At -40°C plunge into liquid nitrogen. Alternatively, place the vials in a Nalgene 1°C freezing apparatus.  Place the apparatus at -80°C for 1.5 to 2 hours and then plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen.  (The cooling rate in this apparatus is approximately

      -1°C/min.)  

7.  The frozen preparations should be stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator. Frozen preparations stored below -130°C are stabile indefinitely. Those stored at temperatures above -130°C are progressively less stabile as the storage temperature is elevated. Vials should not be stored above -55°C.

8.   To establish a culture from the frozen state place an ampule in a water bath set at 35°C. Immerse the vial just to a level just above the surface of the frozen material. Do not agitate the vial.

9.   Immediately after thawing, do not leave in the water bath, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate a 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube containing either 9 ml of ATCC medium 361 (completed with serum) or 13 ml ATCC Medium 2154 adjusted to pH 6.0.

10.      Incubate the culture at 35°C with the cap screwed on tightly (tube should be vertical for medium 361 or on a 15° horizontal slant for medium 2154).

Name of Depositor M Muller
Chain of Custody
ATCC <<--M Muller<<--J.G. Lossick
Year of Origin 1980
References

Lloyd D, Pedersen JZ. Metronidazole radical anion generation in vivo in Trichomonas vaginalis: oxygen quenching is enhanced in a drug-resistant strain. J. Gen. Microbiol. 131: 87-92, 1985. PubMed: 2985740

Beach DH, et al. Phospholipid metabolism of cultured Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 44: 97-108, 1991. PubMed: 2011157

Ellis JE, et al. Antioxidant defences in the microaerophilic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis: comparison of metronidazole-resistant and sensitive strains. Microbiology 140: 2489-2494, 1994. PubMed: 7952198

Muller M. Mode of action of metronidazole on anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. Surgery 93: 165-171, 1983. PubMed: 6849201

Vanacova S, et al. Characterization of Trichomonad species and strains by PCR fingerprinting. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 44: 545-552, 1997. PubMed: 9435127

Meri T, et al. Resistance of Trichomonas vaginalis to metronidazole: report of the first three cases from Finland and optimization of in vitro susceptibility testing under various oxygen concentrations. J. Clin. Microbiol. 38: 763-767, 2000. PubMed: 10655382

Muller M, et al. In vitro susceptibility of Trichomonas vaginalis to metronidazole and treatment outcome in vaginal trichomoniasis. Sex. Transm. Dis. 15: 17-24, 1988. PubMed: 3258675

Bouma MJ, et al. Activity of disulfiram (bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl)disulphide) and ditiocarb (diethyldithiocarbamate) against metronidazole-sensitive and -resistant Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 42: 817-820, 1998. PubMed: 10052908

Adagu IS, et al. In vitro activity of nitazoxanide and related compounds against isolates of Giardia intestinalis, Entamoeba histolytica and Trichomonas vaginalis. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 49: 103-111, 2002. PubMed: 11751773

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation