F9 (ATCC® CRL-1720)

Organism: Mus musculus, mouse  /  Tissue: testis  /  Disease: embryonal carcinoma; testicular teratoma

Permits and Restrictions

View Permits

Organism Mus musculus, mouse
Tissue testis
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease embryonal carcinoma; testicular teratoma
Age embryo
Strain 129
Applications This cell line is a suitable transfection host.
Genes Expressed
plasminogen activator; laminin; type IV collagen
Comments
F9 cells can be stimulated to differentiate into parietal endoderm in the presence of retinoic acid and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (cAMP).
Differentiating cells synthesize plasminogen activator, laminin and type IV collagen.
cAMP is active only on cells that have been treated with retinoic acid.
The cells maintain three copies of the beta 1 integrin gene.
Tested and found negative for ectromelia virus (mousepox).
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium, Catalog No. 30-2002. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing
Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes. NOTE: culture vessels must be coated with 0.1% gelatin prior to use. To do so, cover the surface of the vessel with 0.1% gelatin (Difco) in sterile distilled water for 2 hours at 4°C, then wash three times with sterile distilled water. Treated flasks and dishes can be stored at room temperature.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new coated culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
    Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:10 is recommended
    Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days
    Culture Conditions
    Temperature: 37°C
    Name of Depositor S Strickland
    References

    Strickland S, et al. Hormonal induction of differentiation in teratocarcinoma stem cells: generation of parietal endoderm by retinoic acid and dibutyryl cAMP. Cell 21: 347-355, 1980. PubMed: 6250719

    Strickland S, Mahdavi V. The induction of differentiation in teratocarcinoma stem cells by retinoic acid. Cell 15: 393-403, 1978. PubMed: 214238

    Stephens LE, et al. Targeted deletion of beta 1 integrins in F9 embryonal carcinoma cells affects morphological differentiation but not tissue-specific gene expression. J. Cell Biol. 123: 1607-1620, 1993. PubMed: 7504677

    Berstine EG, et al. Alkaline phosphatase activity in mouse teratoma. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 3899-3903, 1973. PubMed: 4521215

    Jang SI, et al. Activator protein 1 activity is involved in the regulation of the cell type-specific expression from the proximal promoter of the human profilaggrin gene. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 24105-24114, 1996. PubMed: 8798649

    Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

    These permits may be required for shipping this product:

    • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
    Basic Documentation
    References

    Strickland S, et al. Hormonal induction of differentiation in teratocarcinoma stem cells: generation of parietal endoderm by retinoic acid and dibutyryl cAMP. Cell 21: 347-355, 1980. PubMed: 6250719

    Strickland S, Mahdavi V. The induction of differentiation in teratocarcinoma stem cells by retinoic acid. Cell 15: 393-403, 1978. PubMed: 214238

    Stephens LE, et al. Targeted deletion of beta 1 integrins in F9 embryonal carcinoma cells affects morphological differentiation but not tissue-specific gene expression. J. Cell Biol. 123: 1607-1620, 1993. PubMed: 7504677

    Berstine EG, et al. Alkaline phosphatase activity in mouse teratoma. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 3899-3903, 1973. PubMed: 4521215

    Jang SI, et al. Activator protein 1 activity is involved in the regulation of the cell type-specific expression from the proximal promoter of the human profilaggrin gene. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 24105-24114, 1996. PubMed: 8798649