Hs 578T (ATCC® HTB-126)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Cell Type: epithelial  /  Tissue: mammary gland/breast  /  Disease: Carcinoma

Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue mammary gland/breast
Cell Type epithelial
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease Carcinoma
Age 74 years adult
Gender female
Ethnicity Caucasian
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype This is a hypotriploid human cell line with a modal chromosome number of 59. QM staining verified the absence of a Y chromosome. The rate of polyploidy in excess of the modal number is 33.8%. There were 8 consistent derivative chromosomes: del(1)(q12), del(2)(?q36), der(3)t(3;15)(q10;p10), der(5)t(5;8)(p10;q10), i(6)(p10), del(11)(p12),i(17)(q10), der(19)(19pter<-q13::5q13<-qter) plus two markers of unknown origin and one minute chromosome. Normal chromosome 17's were absent and only a single normal 15 was seen in most cells. No brightly fluorescent Y chromosomes were detected with QM staining. Number of cells examined = 50; Modal Chromosome Number = 59 with a range of 50 to 77; Polyploidy Rate = 33.8%
Composite karyotype: 50-77 <3n> X, -1, del(1)(q12), -2, del(2)(?q36), der(3)t(3;15)(q10;p10),-4, -5,der(5)t(5;8)(p10;q10),-6, i(6)(p10), +8, -9, -10, -11, del(11)(p12), -12, -13, -14, -15, -15, -16, -17, -17, -17, i(17)(q10), -18, -19,der(19)(19pter<-q13::5q13<-qter), +22, +3 mar[cp12]. There are 8 consistent derivative chromosomes: del(1)(q12), del(2)(?q36), der(3)t(3;15)(q10;p10), der(5)t(5;8)(p10;q10), i(6)(p10), del(11)(p12), i(17)(q10), der(19)(19pter<-q13::5q13<-qter) plus two markers of unknown origin and one minute chromosome. Four other markers, including two derivative chromosome 1s were noted are lower frequency.
Images
Derivation
It was originated by A.J. Hackett, et al. along with the Hs 578Bst (see ATCC HTB-125), which is a normal fibroblast-like line from the same patient.
The Hs 578T cell strain was derived from a carcinoma of the breast.
Clinical Data
74 years adult
along with the Hs 578Bst (see ATCC HTB-125), which is a normal fibroblast-like line from the same patient.
Caucasian
female
Receptor Expression
Receptor expression: estrogen receptor, not expressed RefHackett AJ, et al. Two syngeneic cell lines from human breast tissue: the aneuploid mammary epithelial (Hs 578T) and the diploid myoepithelial (Hs 578Bst) cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 1795-1806, 1977. PubMed: 864756
Tumorigenic No
Effects
No, in immunosuppressed mice
Yes, in semisolid medium
Comments
The Hs 578T line had a mixed polygonal morphology initially, but a stellate cell type was selected for during passage and by cloning. 

Aggregates of casein protein granules, desmosomes, tight junctions, lipid droplets and vesicularized smooth endoplasmic reticulum were observed by electron microscopy. 

As with Hs 578Bst, no estrogen receptors or endogenous viruses were detected. 



Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium, Catalog No. 30-2002. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: 0.01 mg/ml bovine insulin; fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 ml of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 ml of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:8 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 13
D13S317: 11
D16S539: 9,12
D5S818: 11
D7S820: 10
THO1: 9,9.3
TPOX: 8
vWA: 17
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 1
Me-2, 0
PGM1, 1
PGM3, 1
Name of Depositor AJ Hackett
Passage History
The Hs 578T line had a mixed polygonal morphology initially, but a stellate cell type was selected for during passage and by cloning.
References

Hackett AJ, et al. Two syngeneic cell lines from human breast tissue: the aneuploid mammary epithelial (Hs 578T) and the diploid myoepithelial (Hs 578Bst) cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 1795-1806, 1977. PubMed: 864756

Smith HS. In vitro properties of epithelial cell lines established from human carcinomas and nonmalignant tissue. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 62: 225-230, 1979. PubMed: 283258

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764

Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
References

Hackett AJ, et al. Two syngeneic cell lines from human breast tissue: the aneuploid mammary epithelial (Hs 578T) and the diploid myoepithelial (Hs 578Bst) cell lines. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58: 1795-1806, 1977. PubMed: 864756

Smith HS. In vitro properties of epithelial cell lines established from human carcinomas and nonmalignant tissue. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 62: 225-230, 1979. PubMed: 283258

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764