MDA-MB-231 (ATCC® HTB-26)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Cell Type: epithelial  /  Tissue: mammary gland/breast; derived from metastatic site: pleural effusion  /  Disease: adenocarcinoma

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Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue mammary gland/breast; derived from metastatic site: pleural effusion
Cell Type epithelial
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease adenocarcinoma
Age 51 years adult
Gender female
Ethnicity Caucasian
Applications
These cells are a suitable transfection host
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype The cell line is aneuploid female (modal number = 64, range = 52 to 68), with chromosome counts in the near-triploid range. Normal chromosomes N8 and N15 were absent. Eleven stable rearranged marker chromosomes are noted as well as unassignable chromosomes in addition to the majority of autosomes that are trisomic. Many of the marker chromosomes are identical to those shown in the karyotype reported by K.L. Satya-Prakash, et al.
Images
Receptor Expression
epidermal growth factor (EGF), expressed
transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha), expressed
Oncogene The cells express the WNT7B oncogene. RefHuguet EL, et al. Differential expression of human Wnt genes 2, 3, 4, and 7B in human breast cell lines and normal and disease states of human breast tissue. Cancer Res. 54: 2615-2621, 1994. PubMed: 8168088
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, in ALS treated BALB/c mice, forms poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (grade III)
Yes, in nude mice, forms poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (grade III)
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Leibovitz's L-15 Medium, Catalog No. 30-2008. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.

(Note: The L-15 medium formulation was devised for use in a free gas exchange with atmospheric air. A CO2 and air mixture is detrimental to cells when using this medium for cultivation)


Subculturing
Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C without CO2.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:2 to 1:4 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 100%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 12,13
D13S317: 13
D16S539: 12
D5S818: 12
D7S820: 8,9
THO1: 7,9.3
TPOX: 8,9
vWA: 15,18
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 2
Me-2, 1-2
PGM1, 1-2
PGM3, 1
Name of Depositor R Cailleau
References

Brinkley BR, et al. Variations in cell form and cytoskeleton in human breast carcinoma cells in vitro. Cancer Res. 40: 3118-3129, 1980. PubMed: 7000337

Cruciger Q, et al. Morphological, biochemical and chromosomal characterization of breast tumor lines from pleural effusions. In Vitro 12: 331, 1976.

Siciliano MJ, et al. Mutually exclusive genetic signatures of human breast tumor cell lines with a common chromosomal marker. Cancer Res. 39: 919-922, 1979. PubMed: 427779

Cailleau R, et al. Breast tumor cell lines from pleural effusions. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 53: 661-674, 1974. PubMed: 4412247

Cailleau R, et al. Long-term human breast carcinoma cell lines of metastatic origin: preliminary characterization. In Vitro 14: 911-915, 1978. PubMed: 730202

Bates SE, et al. Expression of the transforming growth factor-alpha/epidermal growth factor receptor pathway in normal human breast epithelial cells. Endocrinology 126: 596-607, 1990. PubMed: 2294006

Dickstein B, et al. Increased epidermal growth factor receptor in an estrogen-responsive, adriamycin-resistant MCF-7 cell line. J. Cell. Physiol. 157: 110-118, 1993. PubMed: 8408230

Huguet EL, et al. Differential expression of human Wnt genes 2, 3, 4, and 7B in human breast cell lines and normal and disease states of human breast tissue. Cancer Res. 54: 2615-2621, 1994. PubMed: 8168088

Satya-Prakash KL, et al. Cytogenetic analysis on eight human breast tumor cell lines: high frequencies of 1q, 11q and HeLa-like marker chromosomes. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 3: 61-73, 1981. PubMed: 7272986

Katayose Y, et al. Promoting apoptosis: a novel activity associated with the Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27. Cancer Res. 57: 5441-5445, 1997. PubMed: 9407946

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764

Sheng S, et al. Maspin acts at the cell membrane to inhibit invasion and motility of mammary and prostatic cancer cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11669-11674, 1996. PubMed: 8876194

De Vincenzo R, et al. Antiproliferative activity of colchicine analogues on MDR-positive and MDR-negative human cancer cell lines. Anticancer Drug Des. 13: 19-33, 1998. PubMed: 9474240

Soker S, et al. Characterization of novel vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors on tumor cells that bind VEGF165 via its exon 7-endoded domain. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 5761-5767, 1996. PubMed: 8621443

Huguet EL, et al. Differential expression of human Wnt genes 2, 3, 4, and 7B in human breast cell lines and normal and disease states of human breast tissue. Cancer Res. 54: 2615-2621, 1994. PubMed: 8168088

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
FAQ's
  1. Morphology of ATCC® HTB-26
    The ATCC® HTB-26 ™ cell line is epithelial-like. The cells are somewhat spindle-shaped (long and thin) especially at subconfluence. Some cells in the culture usually remain rounded...
    Date Updated: 3/27/2014
  2. Propagating ATCC® HTB-26


    Date Updated: 3/27/2014

Restrictions

The ATCC Material is available with the following restrictions: The ATCC Material may not be used for commercial purposes. Purchaser will not make commercial use of the ATCC Material without obtaining a license from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (“UTMDACC”). With respect to research use, prior to purchase, for-profit or commercial entities must first obtain a research use license from UTMDACC. For instructions on how to proceed, please contact Dustin J. Romine, M.A. at the UTMDACC Office of Technology Commercialization via email at dromine@mdanderson.org.

References

Brinkley BR, et al. Variations in cell form and cytoskeleton in human breast carcinoma cells in vitro. Cancer Res. 40: 3118-3129, 1980. PubMed: 7000337

Cruciger Q, et al. Morphological, biochemical and chromosomal characterization of breast tumor lines from pleural effusions. In Vitro 12: 331, 1976.

Siciliano MJ, et al. Mutually exclusive genetic signatures of human breast tumor cell lines with a common chromosomal marker. Cancer Res. 39: 919-922, 1979. PubMed: 427779

Cailleau R, et al. Breast tumor cell lines from pleural effusions. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 53: 661-674, 1974. PubMed: 4412247

Cailleau R, et al. Long-term human breast carcinoma cell lines of metastatic origin: preliminary characterization. In Vitro 14: 911-915, 1978. PubMed: 730202

Bates SE, et al. Expression of the transforming growth factor-alpha/epidermal growth factor receptor pathway in normal human breast epithelial cells. Endocrinology 126: 596-607, 1990. PubMed: 2294006

Dickstein B, et al. Increased epidermal growth factor receptor in an estrogen-responsive, adriamycin-resistant MCF-7 cell line. J. Cell. Physiol. 157: 110-118, 1993. PubMed: 8408230

Huguet EL, et al. Differential expression of human Wnt genes 2, 3, 4, and 7B in human breast cell lines and normal and disease states of human breast tissue. Cancer Res. 54: 2615-2621, 1994. PubMed: 8168088

Satya-Prakash KL, et al. Cytogenetic analysis on eight human breast tumor cell lines: high frequencies of 1q, 11q and HeLa-like marker chromosomes. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 3: 61-73, 1981. PubMed: 7272986

Katayose Y, et al. Promoting apoptosis: a novel activity associated with the Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27. Cancer Res. 57: 5441-5445, 1997. PubMed: 9407946

Littlewood-Evans AJ, et al. The osteoclast-associated protease cathepsin K is expressed in human breast carcinoma. Cancer Res. 57: 5386-5390, 1997. PubMed: 9393764

Sheng S, et al. Maspin acts at the cell membrane to inhibit invasion and motility of mammary and prostatic cancer cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11669-11674, 1996. PubMed: 8876194

De Vincenzo R, et al. Antiproliferative activity of colchicine analogues on MDR-positive and MDR-negative human cancer cell lines. Anticancer Drug Des. 13: 19-33, 1998. PubMed: 9474240

Soker S, et al. Characterization of novel vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors on tumor cells that bind VEGF165 via its exon 7-endoded domain. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 5761-5767, 1996. PubMed: 8621443

Huguet EL, et al. Differential expression of human Wnt genes 2, 3, 4, and 7B in human breast cell lines and normal and disease states of human breast tissue. Cancer Res. 54: 2615-2621, 1994. PubMed: 8168088