MC3T3-E1 Subclone 14 (ATCC® CRL-2594)

Organism: Mus musculus, mouse  /  Cell Type: preosteoblast  /  Tissue: bone, calvaria  / 

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Organism Mus musculus, mouse
Tissue bone, calvaria
Cell Type preosteoblast
Product Format frozen
Morphology fibroblast
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Age newborn
Strain C57BL/6
Applications
These cell lines are good models for studying in vitro osteoblast differentiation, particularly ECM signaling. They have behavior similar to primary calvarial osteoblasts.
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Derivation
A series of subclones were isolated from the cloned but phenotypically heterogeneous MC3T3-E1 cell line.
Genes Expressed
collagen
Cellular Products
collagen
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, in immunodeficient mice
Comments

The subclones were selected for high or low osteoblast differentiation and mineralization after growth in medium containing ascorbic acid.

The MC3T3-E1 Subclone 4 (ATCC CRL-2593) and the MC3T3 Subclone 14 (ATCC CRL-2594) lines exhibit high levels of osteoblast differentiation after growth in ascorbic acid and 3 to 4 mM inorganic phosphate.

They form a well mineralized extracellular matrix (ECM) after 10 days.

The MC3T3 Subclone 24 (ATCC CRL-2595) and the MC3T3 Subclone 30 (ATCC CRL-2596) lines exhibit poor osteoblast differentiation after growth in ascorbic acid. They do not form ECM. They can be used as negative controls for Subclones 4 and 14.Mineralizing subclones selectively express mRNAs for the osteoblast markers, bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteocalcin (OCN), and the parathyroid hormone (PTH)/parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) receptor.

Subclones with both high and low differentiation potential produce similar amounts of collagen in culture and express comparable basal levels of mRNA encoding Osf2/Cbfa1, an osteoblast-related transcription factor.
After implantation into immunodeficient mice, highly differentiating subclones form bone-like ossicles resembling woven bone, while poorly differentiating cells only produce fibrous tissue.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is Alpha Minimum Essential Medium with ribonucleosides, deoxyribonucleosides, 2 mM L-glutamine and 1 mM sodium pyruvate, but without ascorbic acid (GIBCO, Custom Product, Catalog No. A1049001). To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing Volumes used in this protocol are for 75 cm2 flask; proportionally reduce or increase amount of dissociation medium for culture vessels of other sizes.

  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin-0.53% (w/v) EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C

Subculture Ratio: 1:6 to 1:8
Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days.
Note: For more information on enzymatic dissociation and subculturing of cell lines consult Chapter 10 in Culture of Animal Cells, a manual of Basic Technique by R. Ian Freshney, 3rd edition, published by Alan R. Liss, N.Y., 1994

Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium 95%; DMSO, 5%
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Temperature: 37°C
Name of Depositor RT Franceschi
References

Wang D, et al. Isolation and characterization of MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast subclones with distinct in vitro and in vivo differentiation/mineralization potential. J. Bone Miner. Res. 14: 893-903, 1999. PubMed: 10352097

forms bone-like ossicles

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
References

Wang D, et al. Isolation and characterization of MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast subclones with distinct in vitro and in vivo differentiation/mineralization potential. J. Bone Miner. Res. 14: 893-903, 1999. PubMed: 10352097

forms bone-like ossicles