CAL 27 (ATCC® CRL-2095)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Cell Type: Epithelial  /  Tissue: tongue  /  Disease: squamous cell carcinoma

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Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue
tongue
Cell Type Epithelial
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent
Biosafety Level 1
Disease squamous cell carcinoma
Age 56 years
Gender male
Ethnicity Caucasian
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype aneuploid; modal number = 43
Derivation
Cal 27 was established in 1982 by J. Gioanni (Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Nice Cedex, France) from tissue taken prior to treatment from a 56 year old Caucasian male with a lesion of the middle of the tongue.
Clinical Data
56 years
Caucasian
male
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, solid tumors developed within 6 weeks in nude mice inoculated with 2 x 106 cells subcutaneously
Comments
CAL 27 cells are epithelial, polygonal with a highly granular cytoplasm.
Immunocytochemical studies show strong positive staining with anti keratin antibodies.
The cells do not grow well in semi-solid medium.
Marked inhibition of thymidine incorporation was observed in the presence of VP16 (etoposide), CCNU (1-[2-chloroethyl]-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea), VM26 (teniposide), ADM (adriamycin), CPA (cyclophosphamide), and MTX (methotrexate).
CAL 27 cells were resistant to treatment with VDS (vindesine sulfate), CDP (cis-platinum) or ACTD (actinomycin D).
A culture submitted to the ATCC in December 1993 was found to be contaminated with mycoplasma. Progeny were cured by a 21-day treatment with BM Cycline.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium, Catalog No. 30-2002. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing
Remove spent medium, add fresh 0.25% trypsin, 0.53 mM EDTA solution, rinse and remove trypsin. Add fresh trypsin and let the culture sit at room temperature (or at 37°C) until the cells detach. Add fresh medium, aspirate and dispense into new flasks.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:6 is recommended
Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days
Cryopreservation
Freeze Medium: Complete growth medium, 95%; DMSO, 5%
Storage Temperature: Liquid nitrogen vapor temperature
Culture Conditions
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 10,12
D13S317: 10,11
D16S539: 11,12
D5S818: 11,12
D7S820: 10
THO1: 6,9.3
TPOX: 8
vWA: 14,17
Population Doubling Time 35 hrs
Name of Depositor C Cardona
Year of Origin 1982
References

Gioanni J, et al. Two new human tumor cell lines derived from squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue: establishment, characterization and response to cytotoxic treatment. Eur. J. Cancer Clin. Oncol. 24: 1445-1455, 1988. PubMed: 3181269

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
References

Gioanni J, et al. Two new human tumor cell lines derived from squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue: establishment, characterization and response to cytotoxic treatment. Eur. J. Cancer Clin. Oncol. 24: 1445-1455, 1988. PubMed: 3181269