Tritrichomonas foetus (Riedmuller) Wenrich and Emerson (ATCC® 50152)

Organism: Tritrichomonas foetus (Riedmuller) Wenrich and Emerson  /  Depositor: M Muller

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Strain Designations KV1-1MR-100
Biosafety Level 2
Isolation
derived from KV1, ATCC 30924, Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1977
Product Format frozen
Type Strain no
Antibiotic Resistance
In vitro anaerobic metronidazole resistant.
Comments
In vitro anaerobic metronidazole resistant.
Medium Medium 2154: LYI Entamoeba medium
Growth Conditions
Temperature: 35.0°C
Duration: axenic; anaerobic
Protocol: at pH 7.0
Subcultivation
Protocol: at pH 7.0
Cryopreservation

1.  Harvest cells from a culture that is at or near peak density by centrifugation at 800 x g for 5 min.

2.  Adjust the concentration of cells to 2 x 106 - 2 x 107/ml in fresh medium.

3.  While cells are centrifuging prepare a 10% (v/v) solution of sterile DMSO in fresh medium.

a) Add 1.0 ml of DMSO to an ice cold 20 x 150 mm screw-capped test tube;

b) Place the tube on ice and allow the DMSO to solidify (~5 min) and then add 9.0 ml of ice cold medium;

c) Invert several times to dissolve the DMSO;

d) Allow to warm to room temperature.

4.  Mix the cell preparation and the DMSO in equal portions. Thus, the final concentration will be 106 - 107 cells/ml and 5% (v/v) DMSO. The time from the mixing of the cell preparation and DMSO stock solution before the freezing process is begun should be no less than 15 min and no longer than 30 min.

5.  Dispense in 0.5 ml aliquots into 1.0 - 2.0 ml sterile plastic screw-capped cryules (special plastic vials for cryopreservation).

6.   Place the vials in a controlled rate freezing unit.  From room temperature cool at -1°C/min to -40°C.  If the freezing unit can compensate for the heat of fusion, maintain rate at        -1°C/min through the heat of fusion.  At -40°C plunge into liquid nitrogen. Alternatively, place the vials in a Nalgene 1°C freezing apparatus.  Place the apparatus at -80°C for 1.5 to 2 hours and then plunge ampules into liquid nitrogen.  (The cooling rate in this apparatus is approximately

      -1°C/min.)  

7.  The frozen preparations should be stored in either the vapor or liquid phase of a nitrogen refrigerator. Frozen preparations stored below -130°C are stabile indefinitely. Those stored at temperatures above -130°C are progressively less stabile as the storage temperature is elevated. Vials should not be stored above -55°C.

8.   To establish a culture from the frozen state place an ampule in a water bath set at 35°C. Immerse the vial just to a level just above the surface of the frozen material. Do not agitate the vial.

9.   Immediately after thawing, do not leave in the water bath, aseptically remove the contents of the ampule and inoculate a 16 x 125 mm screw-capped test tube containing 13 mls of ATCC medium 1978 adjusted to pH 6.0.

10.          Incubate the culture on a 15° horizontal slant at 35°C.

Name of Depositor M Muller
Chain of Custody
ATCC <<--M Muller<<--J. Kulda
Year of Origin 1977
References

Kulda J, et al. Tritrichomonas foetus: stable anaerobic resistance to metronidazole in vitro. Exp. Parasitol. 57: 93-103, 1984. PubMed: 6692888

Cerkasovova A, et al. Metabolic differences between metronidazole resistant and susceptible strains of Tritrichomonas foetus. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 11: 105-118, 1984. PubMed: 6379446

Felleisen RS, et al. Detection of Tritrichomonas foetus by PCR and DNA enzyme immunoassay based on rRNA gene unit sequences. J. Clin. Microbiol. 36: 513-519, 1998. PubMed: 9466768

Felleisen RS. Comparative genetic analysis of tritrichomonadid protozoa by the random amplified polymorphic DNA technique. Parasitol. Res. 84: 153-156, 1998. PubMed: 9493217

Felleisen RS. Comparative sequence analysis of 5.8S rRNA genes and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of trichomonadid protozoa. Parasitology 115: 111-119, 1997. PubMed: 10190167

Bouma MJ, et al. Activity of disulfiram (bis(diethylthiocarbamoyl)disulphide) and ditiocarb (diethyldithiocarbamate) against metronidazole-sensitive and -resistant Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 42: 817-820, 1998. PubMed: 10052908

Land KM, et al. Loss of multiple hydrogenosomal proteins associated with organelle metabolism and high-level drug resistance in trichomonads. Exp. Parasitol. 97: 102-110, 2001. PubMed: 11281707

Land KM, et al. In vivo expression of ferredoxin in a drug resistant trichomonad increases metronidazole susceptibility. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 121: 153-157, 2002. PubMed: 11985873

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customer Acceptance of Responsibility, ATCC Form 62 required for distribution.
  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
  • USDA APHIS VS 16-6 or 16-6A permit must be obtained and a copy of the permit must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment. The Application Form VS 16-3 (Import controlled material import or transport organisms or vectors) must be submitted to USDA APHIS Veterinary Services to obtain the VS 16-6 or 16-6A permit.
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