PC-3 (ATCC® CRL-1435)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Tissue: prostate; derived from metastatic site: bone  /  Disease: grade IV, adenocarcinoma

Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue prostate; derived from metastatic site: bone
Product Format frozen
Morphology epithelial
Culture Properties adherent (The cells form clusters in soft agar and can be adapted to suspension growth)
Biosafety Level 1
Disease grade IV, adenocarcinoma
Age 62 years adult
Gender male
Ethnicity Caucasian
Applications
This cell line is a suitable transfection host.
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype The line is near-triploid with a modal number of 62 chromosomes. There are nearly 20 marker chromosomes commonly found in each cell; and normal N2, N3, N4, N5, N12, and N15 are not found. No normal Y chromosomes could be detected by Q-band analysis.
Images
Derivation
The PC-3 was initiated from a bone metastasis of a grade IV prostatic adenocarcinoma from a 62-year-old male Caucasian.
Clinical Data
62 years adult
Caucasian
male
The PC-3 was initiated from a bone metastasis of a grade IV prostatic adenocarcinoma from a 62-year-old male Caucasian.
Antigen Expression
HLA A1, A9
Genes Expressed
HLA A1, A9
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, in semi-solid medium
Yes, tumors developed within 21 days at 100% frequency (5/5) in nude mice inoculated subcutaneously with 10(7) cells.
Comments
The cells exhibit low acid phosphatase and testosterone-5-alpha reductase activities.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated F-12K Medium, Catalog No. 30-2004. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 10%.
Subculturing
Volumes are given for a 75 cm2 flask. Increase or decrease the amount of dissociation medium needed proportionally for culture vessels of other sizes. Corning® T-75 flasks (catalog #430641) are recommended for subculturing this product.
  1. Remove and discard culture medium.
  2. Briefly rinse the cell layer with 0.25% (w/v) Trypsin- 0.53 mM EDTA solution to remove all traces of serum that contains trypsin inhibitor.
  3. Add 2.0 to 3.0 mL of Trypsin-EDTA solution to flask and observe cells under an inverted microscope until cell layer is dispersed (usually within 5 to 15 minutes).
    Note: To avoid clumping do not agitate the cells by hitting or shaking the flask while waiting for the cells to detach. Cells that are difficult to detach may be placed at 37°C to facilitate dispersal.
  4. Add 6.0 to 8.0 mL of complete growth medium and aspirate cells by gently pipetting.
  5. Add appropriate aliquots of the cell suspension to new culture vessels.
  6. Incubate cultures at 37°C.
Subcultivation Ratio: A subcultivation ratio of 1:3 to 1:6 is recommended
Medium Renewal: 2 to 3 times per week
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
Amelogenin: X
CSF1PO: 11
D13S317: 11
D16S539: 11
D5S818: 13
D7S820: 8,11
THO1: 6,7
TPOX: 8,9
vWA: 17
Name of Depositor ME Kaighn
References

Kaighn ME, et al. Establishment and characterization of a human prostatic carcinoma cell line (PC-3). Invest. Urol. 17: 16-23, 1979. PubMed: 447482

Chen TR. Chromosome identity of human prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and PPC-1. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 62: 183-184, 1993. PubMed: 8428522

Ohnuki Y, et al. Chromosomal analysis of human prostatic adenocarcinoma cell lines. Cancer Res. 40: 524-534, 1980. PubMed: 7471073

Sheng S, et al. Maspin acts at the cell membrane to inhibit invasion and motility of mammary and prostatic cancer cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11669-11674, 1996. PubMed: 8876194

Umekita Y, et al. Human prostate tumor growth in athymic mice: inhibition by androgens and stimulation by finasteride. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11802-11807, 1996. PubMed: 8876218

Carter RE, et al. Prostate-specific membrane antigen is a hydrolase with substrate and pharmacologic characteristics of a neuropeptidase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 749-753, 1996. PubMed: 8570628

Nupponen NN, et al. Genetic alterations in prostate cancer cell lines detected by comparative genomic hybridization. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 101: 53-57, 1998. PubMed: 9460501

Geiger T, et al. Antitumor activity of a PKC-alpha antisense oligonucleotide in combination with standard chemotherapeutic agents against various human tumors transplanted into nude mice. Anticancer Drug Des. 13: 35-45, 1998. PubMed: 9474241

Su ZZ, et al. Surface-epitope masking and expression cloning identifies the human prostate carcinoma tumor antigen gene PCTA-1 a member of the galectin gene family. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 7252-7257, 1996. PubMed: 8692978

The cells form clusters in soft agar and can be adapted to suspension growth

The cells form clusters in soft agar and can be adapted to suspension growth

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : X94216 H.sapiens mRNA for VEGF-C protein.

Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
FAQ's
  1. Morphology of ATCC® CRL-1435


    Date Updated: 2/5/2013

  2. Frequency of subculturing ATCC® CRL-1435


    Date Updated: 1/8/2013

References

Kaighn ME, et al. Establishment and characterization of a human prostatic carcinoma cell line (PC-3). Invest. Urol. 17: 16-23, 1979. PubMed: 447482

Chen TR. Chromosome identity of human prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and PPC-1. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 62: 183-184, 1993. PubMed: 8428522

Ohnuki Y, et al. Chromosomal analysis of human prostatic adenocarcinoma cell lines. Cancer Res. 40: 524-534, 1980. PubMed: 7471073

Sheng S, et al. Maspin acts at the cell membrane to inhibit invasion and motility of mammary and prostatic cancer cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11669-11674, 1996. PubMed: 8876194

Umekita Y, et al. Human prostate tumor growth in athymic mice: inhibition by androgens and stimulation by finasteride. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 11802-11807, 1996. PubMed: 8876218

Carter RE, et al. Prostate-specific membrane antigen is a hydrolase with substrate and pharmacologic characteristics of a neuropeptidase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 749-753, 1996. PubMed: 8570628

Nupponen NN, et al. Genetic alterations in prostate cancer cell lines detected by comparative genomic hybridization. Cancer Genet. Cytogenet. 101: 53-57, 1998. PubMed: 9460501

Geiger T, et al. Antitumor activity of a PKC-alpha antisense oligonucleotide in combination with standard chemotherapeutic agents against various human tumors transplanted into nude mice. Anticancer Drug Des. 13: 35-45, 1998. PubMed: 9474241

Su ZZ, et al. Surface-epitope masking and expression cloning identifies the human prostate carcinoma tumor antigen gene PCTA-1 a member of the galectin gene family. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 7252-7257, 1996. PubMed: 8692978

The cells form clusters in soft agar and can be adapted to suspension growth

The cells form clusters in soft agar and can be adapted to suspension growth