HL-60 (ATCC® CCL-240)

Organism: Homo sapiens, human  /  Cell Type: promyeloblast  /  Tissue: peripheral blood  /  Disease: acute promyelocytic leukemia

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Organism Homo sapiens, human
Tissue peripheral blood
Cell Type promyeloblast
Product Format frozen
Morphology myeloblastic
Culture Properties suspension
Biosafety Level 1
Disease acute promyelocytic leukemia
Age 36 years
Gender female
Ethnicity Caucasian
Applications
This cell line is a suitable transfection host.
Storage Conditions liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Karyotype The stemline chromosome number is pseudodiploid with the 2S component occurring at 6.2%. Five markers (M2 through M6) were common to most S metaphases. DM's, which varied in numbers per cell, occurred in all metaphases karyotyped. HSR chromosomes were not detected.
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Derivation
HL-60 is a promyelocytic cell line derived by S.J. Collins, et al. Peripheral blood leukocytes were obtained by leukopheresis from a 36-year-old Caucasian female with acute promyelocytic leukemia.
Clinical Data
36 years
Caucasian
female

Receptor Expression
complement, expressed
Fc, expressed
Oncogene myc +
Genes Expressed
tumor necrosis factor (TNF), also known as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha, TNF alpha), after stimulation with phorbol myristic acid,myc +
Cellular Products
tumor necrosis factor (TNF), also known as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha, TNF alpha), after stimulation with phorbol myristic acid
Tumorigenic Yes
Effects
Yes, in nude mice (subcutaneous myeloid tumors)
Yes, in semi-solid media
Comments
HL-60 cells spontaneously differentiate and differentiation can be stimulated by butyrate, hypoxanthine, phorbol myristic acid (PMA, TPA), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO, 1% to 1.5%), actinomycin D, and retinoic acid.

The cells exhibit phagocytic activity and responsiveness to chemotactic stimuli.

The line is positive for myc oncogene expression.
Complete Growth Medium The base medium for this cell line is ATCC-formulated Iscove's Modified Dulbecco's Medium, Catalog No. 30-2005. To make the complete growth medium, add the following components to the base medium: fetal bovine serum to a final concentration of 20%.
Subculturing
Cultures can be maintained by the addition of fresh medium or replacement of medium. Alternatively, cultures can be established by centrifugation with subsequent resuspension at 1 X 105 viable cells/mL. Do not allow cell concentration to exceed 1 X 106 cells/mL.
Interval: Maintain cell density between 1 x 105 and 1 x 106 viable cells/mL.
Medium Renewal: Every 2 to 3 days
Cryopreservation
Freeze medium: Complete growth medium supplemented with 5% (v/v) DMSO
Storage temperature: liquid nitrogen vapor phase
Culture Conditions
Atmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%
Temperature: 37°C
STR Profile
D5S818: 12
D13S317: 8,11
D7S820: 11,12
D16S539: 11
vWA: 16
THO1: 7,8
Amelogenin: X
TPOX: 8,11
CSF1PO: 13,14
Isoenzymes
AK-1, 1
ES-D, 1
G6PD, B
GLO-I, 1
Me-2, 1
PGM1, 1
PGM3, 1
Name of Depositor RC Gallo
References

Gallagher R, et al. Characterization of the continuous, differentiating myeloid cell line (HL-60) from a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Blood 54: 713-733, 1979. PubMed: 288488

Collins SJ, et al. Terminal differentiation of human promyelocytic leukemia cells induced by dimethyl sulfoxide and other polar compounds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75: 2458-2462, 1978. PubMed: 276884

Collins SJ, et al. Continuous growth and differentiation of human myeloid leukaemic cells in suspension culture. Nature 270: 347-349, 1977. PubMed: 271272

Aggarwal BB, et al. Human tumor necrosis factor. Production, purification, and characterization. J. Biol. Chem. 260: 2345-2354, 1985. PubMed: 3871770

Nahm MH, et al. Identification of cross-reactive antibodies with low opsonophogocytic activity for Streptoccus pneumoniae. J. Infect. Dis. 176: 698-703, 1997. PubMed: 9291318

Berninghausen O, Leippe M. Necrosis versus apoptosis as the mechanism of target cell death induced by Entamoeba histolytica. Infect. Immun. 65: 3615-3621, 1997. PubMed: 9284127

Aparicio CL, et al. Correction for label leakage in fluorimetric assays of cell adhesion. BioTechniques 23: 1056-1060, 1997. PubMed: 9421636

Mansat V, et al. The protein kinase C activators phorbol esters and phosphatidylserine inhibit neutral aphingomyelinase activation, ceramide generation, and apoptosis triggered by daunorubicin. Cancer Res. 57: 5300-5304, 1997. PubMed: 9393753

Cuthbert JA, Lipsky PE. Regulation of proliferation and Ras localization in transformed cells by products of mevalonate metabolism. Cancer Res. 57: 3498-3504, 1997. PubMed: 9270019

Michael JM, et al. Resistance to radiation-induced apoptosis in Burkitt's lumphoma cells is associated with defective ceramide signaling. Cancer Res. 57: 3600-3605, 1997. PubMed: 9270034

Clark RA, et al. Tenascin supports lymphocyte rolling. J. Cell Biol. 137: 755-765, 1997. PubMed: 9151679

Tiffany HL, et al. Enhanced expression of the eosinophil-derived neurotoin ribonuclease (RNS2) gene requires interaction between the promoter and intron. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 12387-12393, 1996. PubMed: 8647842

Chan YJ, et al. Synergistic interactions between overlapping binding sites for the serum response factor and ELK-1 proteins mediate both basal enhancement and phorbol ester responsiveness of primate cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 8590-8605, 1996. PubMed: 8970984

Mao M, et al. RIG-E, a human homolog of the murine Ly-6 family, is induced by retinoic acid during the differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia cell. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 5910-5914, 1996. PubMed: 8650192

Lepley RA, et al. Tyrosine kinase activity modulates catalysis and translocation of cellular 5-lipoxygenase. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 6179-6184, 1996. PubMed: 8626407

Chen H, et al. Octamer binding factors and their coactivator can activate the murine PU.1 (spi-1) promoter. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 15743-15752, 1996. PubMed: 8663022

U.S. Pharmacopeia USP Monographs: Technetium 99mTc Fanolesomab Injection. Rockville, MD: USP32-NF27, 2005

Cross References

Nucleotide (GenBank) : M62505 Human C5a anaphylatoxin receptor mRNA, complete cds.

Nucleotide (GenBank) : NM_001736 Homo sapiens complement component 5 receptor 1 (C5a ligand) (C5R1), mRNA.

Notice: Necessary PermitsPermits

These permits may be required for shipping this product:

  • Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. A copy of the permit or documentation that a permit is not required must be sent to ATCC in advance of shipment.
Basic Documentation
Other Documentation
FAQ's
  1. CCL-240 seeding density
    ATCC recommends seeding HL-60 cells at a density of 1.0-2.0 x 10
    Date Updated: 2/21/2014
References

Gallagher R, et al. Characterization of the continuous, differentiating myeloid cell line (HL-60) from a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Blood 54: 713-733, 1979. PubMed: 288488

Collins SJ, et al. Terminal differentiation of human promyelocytic leukemia cells induced by dimethyl sulfoxide and other polar compounds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75: 2458-2462, 1978. PubMed: 276884

Collins SJ, et al. Continuous growth and differentiation of human myeloid leukaemic cells in suspension culture. Nature 270: 347-349, 1977. PubMed: 271272

Aggarwal BB, et al. Human tumor necrosis factor. Production, purification, and characterization. J. Biol. Chem. 260: 2345-2354, 1985. PubMed: 3871770

Nahm MH, et al. Identification of cross-reactive antibodies with low opsonophogocytic activity for Streptoccus pneumoniae. J. Infect. Dis. 176: 698-703, 1997. PubMed: 9291318

Berninghausen O, Leippe M. Necrosis versus apoptosis as the mechanism of target cell death induced by Entamoeba histolytica. Infect. Immun. 65: 3615-3621, 1997. PubMed: 9284127

Aparicio CL, et al. Correction for label leakage in fluorimetric assays of cell adhesion. BioTechniques 23: 1056-1060, 1997. PubMed: 9421636

Mansat V, et al. The protein kinase C activators phorbol esters and phosphatidylserine inhibit neutral aphingomyelinase activation, ceramide generation, and apoptosis triggered by daunorubicin. Cancer Res. 57: 5300-5304, 1997. PubMed: 9393753

Cuthbert JA, Lipsky PE. Regulation of proliferation and Ras localization in transformed cells by products of mevalonate metabolism. Cancer Res. 57: 3498-3504, 1997. PubMed: 9270019

Michael JM, et al. Resistance to radiation-induced apoptosis in Burkitt's lumphoma cells is associated with defective ceramide signaling. Cancer Res. 57: 3600-3605, 1997. PubMed: 9270034

Clark RA, et al. Tenascin supports lymphocyte rolling. J. Cell Biol. 137: 755-765, 1997. PubMed: 9151679

Tiffany HL, et al. Enhanced expression of the eosinophil-derived neurotoin ribonuclease (RNS2) gene requires interaction between the promoter and intron. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 12387-12393, 1996. PubMed: 8647842

Chan YJ, et al. Synergistic interactions between overlapping binding sites for the serum response factor and ELK-1 proteins mediate both basal enhancement and phorbol ester responsiveness of primate cytomegalovirus. J. Virol. 70: 8590-8605, 1996. PubMed: 8970984

Mao M, et al. RIG-E, a human homolog of the murine Ly-6 family, is induced by retinoic acid during the differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia cell. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 5910-5914, 1996. PubMed: 8650192

Lepley RA, et al. Tyrosine kinase activity modulates catalysis and translocation of cellular 5-lipoxygenase. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 6179-6184, 1996. PubMed: 8626407

Chen H, et al. Octamer binding factors and their coactivator can activate the murine PU.1 (spi-1) promoter. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 15743-15752, 1996. PubMed: 8663022

U.S. Pharmacopeia USP Monographs: Technetium 99mTc Fanolesomab Injection. Rockville, MD: USP32-NF27, 2005